Ergonomics and Human Factors

Recent Research

  • Leonard S. Mark
  • Joel S. Warm
  • Ronald L. Huston

Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. An Overview of Ergonomics and Human Factors

    1. Leonard S. Mark, Joel S. Warm, Ronald L. Huston
      Pages 1-7
  3. Human Information Processing

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Raja Parasuraman, Joel S. Warm, William N. Dember
      Pages 11-32
    3. Mark W. Scerbo, Joel S. Warm, Vera S. Doettling, Raja Parasuraman, Arthur D. Fisk
      Pages 33-39
    4. Raymond M. White Jr., Caroline Zsambok
      Pages 71-78
    5. John C. Jahnke
      Pages 79-84
    6. Alan Happ, Allan Pantle
      Pages 85-94
    7. Richard E. A. van Emmerik, Karl M. Newell
      Pages 110-117
    8. K. M. Newell, M. J. Carlton
      Pages 118-124
    9. Stuart T. Klapp, Zeke E. Martin, Guy G. McMillan, Disa T. Brock
      Pages 125-130
  4. Fitting The Environment To The Person

About this book

Introduction

And Applications To The Human-Computer Interface Michael E. Fotta AT&T Communications 16th FIr. Atrium II, Cincinnati, OH 45202 Artificial intelligence (AI) programs represent knowledge in a fashion similar to human knowledge and the activities of an AI system are closer to human behavior than that of traditional systems. Thus, AI enables the computer to act more like a human instead of making the human think and act more like a computer. This capability combined with applying human factors concepts to the interface can greatly improve the human-computer interface. This paper provides an intro­ duction to artificial intelligence and then proposes a number of methods for using AI to improve the human-machine inter­ action. AN INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Definition There are many definitions of artificial intelligence (AI) running from the very general to the very detailed. Perhaps the most well accepted general definition is that by Elaine Rich: "Artificial intelligence is the study of how to make computers do things at which, at the moment, people are better", (Rich, 1983). A good example of a detailed definition is provided by the Brattle Research Corporation; "In simplified terms, artificial intelligence works with pattern matching methods which attempt to describe objects, events or pro­ cesses in terms of their qualitative features and logical and compu­ tational relationships," (Mishkoff, 1985).

Keywords

Action artificial intelligence behavior cognition cognitive psychology control ergonomics information processing information retrieval intelligence interaction memory perception psychology simulation

Editors and affiliations

  • Leonard S. Mark
    • 1
  • Joel S. Warm
    • 2
  • Ronald L. Huston
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyMiami UniversityOxfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical & Industrial EngineeringUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4756-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1987
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-387-96511-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-4756-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-7532
  • About this book