Physiological Function in Special Environments

  • Charles V. Paganelli
  • Leon E. Farhi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Physiology of Adaptation to Altitude

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. P. Cerretelli, P. E. di Prampero, H. Howald
      Pages 41-58
  3. Physiology of Diving and Exposure to Elevated Pressure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 59-59
    2. Suk Ki Hong, Charles V. Paganelli
      Pages 82-94
    3. Warren M. Zapol, Roger D. Hill, Jesper Qvist, Konrad Falke, Robert C. Schneider, Graham C. Liggins et al.
      Pages 109-119
  4. Physiology of Exposure to Altered G-Force

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Carolyn S. Leach, Philip C. Johnson Jr.
      Pages 138-146
  5. Comparative Physiology

About these proceedings

Introduction

The numerous ways in which man and animals are affected by their physical environment, and the inborn and adaptive responses to change in the "milieu exterieur" have fascinated curious minds since the earliest days of recorded history. Development of the scientific method with its emphasis on evidence obtained through experimentation-perhaps best illustrated in this field by Paul Bert's encyclopedic work-allowed several generations of our predecessors to establish firmly some facts and reject erroneous beliefs, but it was only during the early 1940s that environmental physiology put on its seven-league boots. In 1941, a young physiologist named Hermann Rahn was recruited by Wallace O. Fenn, then Chairman of the Department of Physiology at the University of Rochester, who was engaged in a study of the effects of altitude on human performance. The years that followed witnessed some of Hermann Rahn's early achievements not only in the area of altitude, but in other aspects of environmental physiology as well. In particular, he participated in the definitive studies of human adaptive mechanisms in arid climates which formed the basis of Edward Adolph's classic "Physi­ ology of Man in the Desert" (Wiley/Interscience, NY 1947). During those golden years, environmental physiology flourished, and important dis­ coveries were reported in a seemingly endless stream from many labora­ tories.

Keywords

cells environment homeostasis nitrogen physiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Charles V. Paganelli
    • 1
  • Leon E. Farhi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3556-9
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-8156-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-3556-9
  • About this book