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Ecotoxicology: Problems and Approaches

  • Simon A. Levin
  • John R. Kelly
  • Mark A. Harwell
  • Kenneth D. Kimball

Part of the Springer Advanced Text in Life Sciences book series (SATLIFE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Ecotoxicology: Problems and Approaches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Simon A. Levin, Mark A. Harwell, John R. Kelly, Kenneth D. Kimball
      Pages 3-7
    3. John R. Kelly, Mark A. Harwell
      Pages 9-35
  3. Responses of Ecosystems to Chemical Stress

  4. Methods and Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 211-212
    2. Donald J. O’Connor, John P. Connolly, Edward J. Garland
      Pages 221-243
    3. Abraham Lerman, Fred T. Mackenzie, Robert J. Geiger
      Pages 315-350
    4. Edwin E. Herricks, David J. Schaeffer, James A. Perry
      Pages 351-366
  5. Ecotoxicological Decision Making

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 471-472
    2. Christine C. Harwell
      Pages 497-516
    3. Mark A. Harwell, Christine C. Harwell
      Pages 517-540
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 541-547

About this book

Introduction

Ecotoxicology is the science that seeks to predict the impacts of chemi­ cals upon ecosystems. This involves describing and predicting ecological changes ensuing from a variety of human activities that involve release of xenobiotic and other chemicals to the environment. A fundamental principle of ecotoxicology is embodied in the notion of change. Ecosystems themselves are constantly changing due to natural processes, and it is a challenge to distinguish the effects of anthropogenic activities against this background of fluctuations in the natural world. With the frustratingly large, diverse, and ever-emerging sphere of envi­ ronmental problems that ecotoxicology must address, the approaches to individual problems also must vary. In part, as a consequence, there is no established protocol for application of the science to environmental prob­ lem-solving. The conceptual and methodological bases for ecotoxicology are, how­ ever, in their infancy, and thus still growing with new experiences. In­ deed, the only robust generalization for research on different ecosystems and different chemical stresses seems to be a recognition of the necessity of an ecosystem perspective as focus for assessment. This ecosystem basis for ecotoxicology was the major theme of a previous pUblication by the Ecosystems Research Center at Cornell University, a special issue of Environmental Management (Levin et al. 1984). With that effort, we also recognized an additional necessity: there should be a continued develop­ ment of methods and expanded recognition of issues for ecotoxicology and for the associated endeavor of environmental management.

Keywords

Biom Biomonitoring biogeochemical cycles ecosystem ecosystem processes environment mesocosm terrestrial ecosystem terrestrial ecosystems

Editors and affiliations

  • Simon A. Levin
    • 1
  • John R. Kelly
    • 2
  • Mark A. Harwell
    • 1
  • Kenneth D. Kimball
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Environmental Research and Ecosystems Research CenterCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Ecosystems Research CenterCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  3. 3.Research DepartmentAppalachian Mountain ClubGorhamUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3520-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-8138-2
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-3520-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0172-6226
  • Buy this book on publisher's site