Determination of the Geoid

Present and Future

  • Richard H. Rapp
  • Fernando Sansò
Conference proceedings

Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 106)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Welcome Address

    1. Wolfgang Torge
      Pages 1-3
  3. Global Geopotential Models: Present and Future

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. Richard H. Rapp, Nikolaos K. Pavlis
      Pages 7-9
    3. A. Albertella, F. Migliaccio, F. Sansó
      Pages 10-15
    4. P. Schwintzer, Ch. Reigber, G. Balmino, R. Biancale
      Pages 16-17
  4. The Role of Topography in Geoid Computations: The Marine Geoid

  5. The Geoid and GPS

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 139-139
    2. A. Mainville, M. Véronneau
      Pages 160-172
    3. A. Caporali, F. Marzari, F. Palmieri
      Pages 183-183
    4. A. Caporali, F. Dallaporta, A. Rusconi, S. Curiotto, G. Facchinelli, G. Mozzi et al.
      Pages 184-184
  6. State of Computation of National or Regional Geoids

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-185
    2. József Ádám, Heiner Denker
      Pages 189-190
    3. Battista Benciolini, Ambrogio Manzino, Fernando Sanso’, Domenico Sguerso
      Pages 201-213
    4. Petr Vaníček, Peng Ong, Zhang Changyou
      Pages 214-219
    5. Beat Bürki, Urs Marti
      Pages 220-229
    6. A. H. W. Kearsley, Ramesh Govind
      Pages 251-260
    7. Alphonse S. Lwangasi
      Pages 261-268
    8. M. J. Sevilla, A. J. Gil, F. Sansò
      Pages 276-285
    9. Martin Vermeer
      Pages 286-286
    10. Wolfgang Torge, Heiner Denker
      Pages 287-295
  7. Theoretical Improvements in the Determination of the Geoid

About these proceedings


Rapid growth of geodetic information provided by the Global Positioning System (GPS) and stringent requirements for a precise geoid in ocean areas for ocean circulation models have spurred interest in geoid studies. As a result, the International Geoid Commission was formed to provide a focus for this important geoid research. Determination of the Geoid: Present and Future is the result of the first meeting of the Commission, held at the Instituto di Topografia, Fotogrammetria e Geofisica at the Politecnico di Milano, June 1990. Six major topics are presented: Global Geopotential Models: Present and Future; Role of Topography in Geoid Computations; the Geoid and the Global Positioning System; the State of Computation of National or Regional Geoids; Software and Data Improvements for Geoid Computations; and Recent Developments in the GEOMED (Determination of the Geoid in the Mediterranean) Project.


Erdoberfläche Europe Radiometer Topography formation growth marine matrix ocean research satellite seismic statistics

Editors and affiliations

  • Richard H. Rapp
    • 1
  • Fernando Sansò
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geodetic Science & SurveyingThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Instituto di Topografia, Fotogrammetria e GeofisicaPolitecnico di MilanoI-MilanoItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1991
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-387-97470-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-3104-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0939-9585
  • Buy this book on publisher's site