• Nobutaka Takahashi
  • Bernard O. Phinney
  • Jake MacMillan

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Historical Aspects of Gibberellins

  3. Organ Specificity and Dwarfism

    1. N. Takahashi, M. Kobayashi
      Pages 9-21
    2. B. O. Phinney, C. R. Spray, Y. Suzuki, P. Gaskin
      Pages 22-31
    3. N. Murofushi, I. Honda, R. Hirasawa, I. Yamaguchi, N. Takahashi, B. O. Phinney
      Pages 32-39
    4. J. B. Reid, J. J. Ross
      Pages 40-50
  4. Biosynthetic Enzymes

  5. Molecular Aspects

    1. T. Akazawa, J. Yamaguchi, M. Hayashi
      Pages 114-124
    2. J. R. Lenton, N. E. J. Appleford
      Pages 125-135
    3. R. Hooley, M. H. Beale, S. J. Smith
      Pages 136-145
    4. I. Yamaguchi, E. W. Weiler
      Pages 146-165
  6. Physiology and Metabolism

  7. Light Effects

  8. Growth Retardants

  9. Applied Aspects

  10. Antheridiogens

  11. Back Matter
    Pages 411-426

About these proceedings


The cultivation of rice in Japan has suffered from damage caused by baka­ nae disease, in which rice seedlings show abnormal growth (elongation) as the result of infection by a plant pathogen. Investigation of the taxonomy of this pathogen led to the commencement of gibberellin (GA) research among Japanese plant pathologists, who later identified it as Gibberella jujikuroi, its other name being Fusarium moniliforme. In 1926, Kurosawa demon­ strated the occurrence of an active principle in the culture media of fungus that showed the same symptoms as those of the rice disease. In 1938, this finding was followed by the successful isolation of the active principles as crystals from the culture filtrate. This was achieved by the Japanese agri­ cultural chemists Yabuta and Sumiki, of The University of Tokyo, who named these active principles gibberellins A and B. Following World War II, this discovery attracted the interest of scientists around the world, and research on GA was pursued on a worldwide scale. One of the most outstanding discoveries in GA research after the isolation of GA as the metabolite of the plant pathogen must be the isolation and characterization of GAs from tissues of higher plants by the MacMillan group, West and Phinney, and the Tokyo University group in 1958 and 1959. Thus, GAs have been recognized as one of the most important classes of plant hormones.


Brassinosteroid Calcium Gibberellin biosynthesis cell endoplasmic reticulum enzyme enzymes metabolism physiology plants receptor regulation synthesis tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • Nobutaka Takahashi
    • 1
  • Bernard O. Phinney
    • 2
  • Jake MacMillan
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural ChemistryThe University of TokyoBunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113Japan
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.School of ChemistryUniversity of BristolBristolEngland

Bibliographic information