Impact of Air Pollutants on Southern Pine Forests

  • Susan Fox
  • Robert A. Mickler

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 118)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Introduction: The Southern Commercial Forest Research Cooperative

  3. Characterization of the Condition of Southern Commercial Forests

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. Robert A. Mickler
      Pages 19-57
    3. Eric R. Allen, Henry L. Gholz
      Pages 83-170
  4. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Factors on Southern Pine Forests

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 171-171
    2. Paul Berrang, James S. Meadows, D. John Hodges
      Pages 196-243
    3. James S. Meadows, John D. Hodges
      Pages 244-280
    4. Jon D. Johnson, Arthur H. Chappelka, Fred P. Hain, Allen S. Heagle
      Pages 281-312
  5. Growth and Physiological Effects of Regional Air Pollutants on Southern Pines

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 313-313
    2. Daniel D. Richter, Daniel Markewitz
      Pages 315-336
    3. Richard B. Flagler, Arthur H. Chappelka
      Pages 388-424
    4. Thomas W. Sasek, Richard B. Flagler
      Pages 425-463
  6. Impacts of Atmospheric Deposition and Ozone on Southern Commercial Pines: A Synthesis of Epidemiological and Mechanistic Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 465-465
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 491-516

About this book


The public's attitude toward air pollution in the United States evolved substantially during the 1960s. One of the results of the nation's emerging environmental ethic was the creation of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in December of 1970. Prior to this time, research was focused on the impacts of air pollution on human health and welfare and was largely conducted by several federal research agencies, which included the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and the U. S. Department of Agricul­ ture. After the creation of the EPA, much of this work was consolidated in one regulatory agency, which resulted in periodic evaluations of the various effects of atmospheric pollution on human health, materials, agriculture, and forest ecosystems. At the same time that environmental interest was growing in the United States, concern increased in the European scientific community and public over the ecological impacts of acidic deposition. As the magnitude of the damage to European lakes and streams and the widespread decline in Norway spruce and silver fir was reported, concern that similar problems were occurring in the United States increased substantially. This concern was heightened by press reports of high elevation spruce-fir forest declines in the Adirondack and Appalachian Mountains and the decline and death of sugar maples in the northeastern United States and Canada.


Air Pollutants Air pollution Southern Pine Forests environment forest geomorphology growth nitrogen ozone pollutants pollution

Editors and affiliations

  • Susan Fox
    • 1
  • Robert A. Mickler
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA Forest ServiceSouthern Research StationRaleighUSA
  2. 2.ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc.RaleighUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-6909-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-0809-9
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • Buy this book on publisher's site