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IVIG Therapy Today

  • Mark Ballow

Part of the Allergy and Immunology book series (ALIM, volume 2)

About this book

Introduction

It has been little more than a century since Emil von Behring and his colleagues (1890) showed that the blood of tetanus-immune rabbits contained a factor that could be transferred to nonimmune animals to protect them against tetanus. These observations, together with the work of Paul Ehrlich, started scientists on the long and complex path to our present understanding of the humoral, or B-cell, immune system. These early studies led to Nobel prize awards for von Behring (1901 ) and Ehrlich (1908), each of whom contributed much to our knowledge of the B-cell immune system. In the early 20th century it was recognized that the serum of individuals who had recently suffered an infection contained a protective humoral factor that could be transferred to a nonimmune person, thereafter affording that individual protection against the infectious agent that had caused disease. In 1933 McKhann and Chu reported that a placental extract containing the globulin fraction could modify measles. However, it was not until 1939 that Tiselius and Kabat demonstrated that the antibodies responsible for protection against these infectious disorders resided within the gammaglobulin plasma fraction. In a major step forward, Cohn in 1944 established a method for the fractionation and purification of this plasma gammaglobulin fraction. These procedures, which are based on cold ethanol precipitation of plasma, produce a readily adaptable, large-scale fractionation procedure that is still utilized to this day in the preparation of commercial gammaglobulin.

Keywords

asthma autoimmune disease bacteria diseases immunoglobulin immunotherapy infection infections leukemia lipide

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark Ballow
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-0417-6
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992
  • Publisher Name Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-6753-9
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-0417-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site