Table of contents
About this book
This book describes the design of through-silicon-via (TSV) based three-dimensional integrated circuits. It includes details of numerous “manufacturing-ready” GDSII-level layouts of TSV-based 3D ICs, developed with tools covered in the book. Readers will benefit from the sign-off level analysis of timing, power, signal integrity, and thermo-mechanical reliability for 3D IC designs. Coverage also includes various design-for-manufacturability (DFM), design-for-reliability (DFR), and design-for-testability (DFT) techniques that are considered critical to the 3D IC design process.
- Describes design issues and solutions for high performance and low power 3D ICs, such as the pros/cons of regular and irregular placement of TSVs, Steiner routing, buffer insertion, low power 3D clock routing, power delivery network design and clock design for pre-bond testability.
- Discusses topics in design-for-electrical-reliability for 3D ICs, such as TSV-to-TSV coupling, current crowding at the wire-to-TSV junction and the electro-migration failure mechanisms in TSVs.
- Covers design-for-thermal-reliability in 3D ICs, including thermal-aware architectural floorplanning, gate-level placement techniques to alleviate thermal problems, and co-design and co-analysis of thermal, power delivery, and performance.
- Includes issues affecting design-for-mechanical-reliability in 3D ICs, such as the co-efficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch between TSV and silicon substrate, device mobility and full-chip timing variations, and the impact of package elements.