Total Diet Studies

  • Gerald G. Moy
  • Richard W. Vannoort

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Total Diet Study Methodology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Katie Egan
      Pages 11-18
    3. Philippe J.-P. Verger
      Pages 19-25
    4. Barbara J. Petersen
      Pages 27-36
    5. U. Ruth Charrondiere
      Pages 53-62
    6. Janice L. Abbey, Christel Leemhuis, Carolyn Mooney
      Pages 71-82
    7. Richard W. Vannoort, Janice L. Abbey, Christel Leemhuis, Carolyn Mooney
      Pages 83-101
    8. Chris A. Sack
      Pages 103-125
    9. Pamela Mackill, Cong Wei
      Pages 135-140
    10. Carolyn Mooney, Janice L. Abbey, Leanne Laajoki
      Pages 161-167
    11. Marc Aerts, Martine I. Bakker, Pietro Ferrari, Peter Fuerst, Jessica Tressou, Philippe J.-P. Verger
      Pages 169-177
    12. Julie L. Boorman, Janis Baines, Tracy L. Hambridge, Janice L. Abbey
      Pages 179-190
    13. Christel Leemhuis, Judy Cunningham, Amélie Crépet
      Pages 191-199
    14. Cherie A. Flynn
      Pages 201-207
  3. Total Diet Studies in Countries

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 209-209
    2. Janice L. Abbey, Janis Baines, Leanne Laajoki, Tracy L. Hambridge
      Pages 211-219
    3. M. Madeleine Gimou, Regis Pouillot, Claudy Roy, U. Ruth Charrondiere, Jean-Charles Leblanc, Abdoulaye Diawara et al.
      Pages 221-231
    4. Robert W. Dabeka, Dorothea F. K. Rawn, Xu-Liang Cao, John Moisey
      Pages 233-243
    5. Waiky W. K. Wong, Ying Xiao, Stephen W. C. Chung, Y. Y. Ho
      Pages 253-258
    6. Jiri Ruprich, Irena Rehurkova
      Pages 259-265
    7. William Aalbersberg
      Pages 279-287
    8. Véronique Sirot, Jean-Charles Leblanc
      Pages 289-296
    9. Kalpagam Polasa, V. Sudershan Rao
      Pages 297-308
    10. Roy A. Sparringa, Winiati P. Rahayu, Rina Puspitasari
      Pages 309-316
    11. Fujio Kayama, Hiroshi Nitta, Satoshi Nakai, Satoshi Sasaki, Hyogo Horiguchi
      Pages 317-326
    12. Hae Jung Yoon
      Pages 327-335
    13. Noraini Mohd Othman, Jamal Khair Hashim, Shamsinar Abdul Talib, Fadzil Othman, Cheow Keat Chin, Laila Rabaah Ahmad Suhaimi et al.
      Pages 349-355
    14. Richard W. Vannoort, Cherie A. Flynn
      Pages 357-371
    15. Victoria Marcos
      Pages 373-377
    16. Mercedes Jalón, Inés Urieta, M. Luz Macho
      Pages 379-383
    17. Eduard Mata, Victoria Castell, Joan Ma Llobet, Jose L. Domingo, Patricia Gosalbez
      Pages 385-388
    18. Per Ola Darnerud, Wulf Becker, Tatiana Cantillana, Anders Glynn, Emma Halldin-Ankarberg, Anna Törnkvist
      Pages 389-402
  4. Special Topics in Total Diet Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 419-419
    2. Gerald G. Moy
      Pages 421-426
    3. Fanny Héraud, Leila M. Barraj, Gerald G. Moy
      Pages 427-434
    4. Julie L. Boorman, Janis Baines, Tracy L. Hambridge, Janice L. Abbey
      Pages 435-444
    5. Polly E. Boon, Judy Cunningham, Gerald G. Moy, David Ormerod, Barbara J. Peterson, Rainer Reuss
      Pages 445-452
    6. Gunter Sommerfeld, Gerald G. Moy
      Pages 453-460

About this book


Total Diet Studies is intended to introduce the total diet study (TDS) concept to those involved in assuring the safety of the food supply from chemical risks (e.g., government agencies and the food industry) as well as to a wider audience of interested parties (e.g., development agencies and consumer organizations). It presents the various steps in the planning and implementation of a TDS and illustrates how TDSs are being used to protect public health from the potential risks posed by chemicals in the food supply in both developed and developing countries. The book also examines some of the applications of TDSs to specific chemicals, including contaminants and nutrients.

The goal of a TDS is to provide baseline information on levels and trends of exposure to chemicals in foods as consumed by the population. In other words, foods are processed and prepared as typically consumed before they are analyzed in order to best represent actual dietary intakes. Total diet studies have been used to assess the safe use of agricultural chemicals (e.g., pesticides, antibiotics), food additives (e.g., preservatives, sweetening agents), environmental contaminants (e.g., lead, arsenic, cadmium, radionuclides), processing contaminants (e.g., acrylamide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, chloropropanols), and natural contaminants (e.g., aflatoxins) by determining whether dietary exposures to these chemicals are within acceptable limits. Total diet studies can also be applied to certain nutrients where the goal is to assure intakes are not only below safe upper limits, but also above levels deemed necessary to maintain good health. International and national organizations, such as the World Health Organization, the European Food Safety Agency, and the US Food and Drug Administration recognize the TDS approach as one of the most cost-effective means of protecting consumers from chemicals in food, for providing essential information for managing food safety, including food standards, and for setting priorities for further investigation and intervention.

About the Editors

Gerald G. Moy: For over twenty years, Dr. Moy served as a staff scientist with the World Health Organization and was primarily responsible for the exposure assessment of chemical hazards in food, including coordination of total diet studies at the international level.  Although retired, he remains active as a food safety adviser for various national and international organizations.

Richard W. Vannoort: A senior scientist with the Institute of Environmental Science & Research Ltd (ESR), Dr. Vannoort has been the scientific project leader of the last five New Zealand Total Diet Studies. He is an internationally recognized expert on TDSs and has been a technical adviser to many countries, including numerous international and regional TDS training courses sponsored by the World Health Organization.


food chemistry food safety food science public health, nutrition assessment safety evaluation

Editors and affiliations

  • Gerald G. Moy
    • 1
  • Richard W. Vannoort
    • 2
  1. 1.Food Safety Consultants Int'lGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Inst of Environmental Science & Research (ESR)ChristchurchNew Zealand

Bibliographic information