Genetics and Genomics of the Brassicaceae

  • Renate Schmidt
  • Ian Bancroft

Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 9)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Suzanne I. Warwick
    Pages 33-65
  3. Georg Haberer, Yu Wang, Klaus F. X. Mayer
    Pages 67-121
  4. Maarten Koornneef, Matthieu Reymond, Carlos Alonso-Blanco
    Pages 123-151
  5. Chris Town, Renate Schmidt, Ian Bancroft
    Pages 171-194
  6. J. Chris Pires, Robert T. Gaeta
    Pages 195-214
  7. Nirala Ramchiary, Yong Pyo Lim
    Pages 215-260
  8. Carlos F. Quiros, Mark W. Farnham
    Pages 261-289
  9. Federico L. Iniguez-Luy, Maria L. Federico
    Pages 291-322
  10. Akshay K. Pradhan, Deepak Pental
    Pages 323-345
  11. Outi Savolainen, Helmi Kuittinen
    Pages 347-372
  12. Günter Theißen
    Pages 373-387
  13. June B. Nasrallah
    Pages 389-411
  14. Jeong-Hwan Mun, Beom-Seok Park
    Pages 413-435
  15. Emma M. Knee, Luz Rivero, Deborah Crist, Erich Grotewold, Randy Scholl
    Pages 437-467
  16. Christoph Böttcher, Edda von Roepenack-Lahaye, Dierk Scheel
    Pages 469-503
  17. Penny A.C. Sparrow, Cassandra M.P. Goldsack, Lars Østergaard
    Pages 505-525
  18. Bekir Ülker, Bernd Weisshaar
    Pages 527-560

About this book

Introduction

The Genetics and Genomics of the Brassicaceae provides a review of this important family (commonly termed the mustard family, or Cruciferae). The family contains several cultivated species, including radish, rocket, watercress, wasabi and horseradish, in addition to the vegetable and oil crops of the Brassica genus. There are numerous further species with great potential for exploitation in 21st century agriculture, particularly as sources of bioactive chemicals. These opportunities are reviewed, in the context of the Brassicaceae in agriculture. More detailed descriptions are provided of the genetics of the cultivated Brassica crops, including both the species producing most of the brassica vegetable crops (B. rapa and B. oleracea) and the principal species producing oilseed crops (B. napus and B. juncea). The Brassicaceae also include important “model” plant species. Most prominent is Arabidopsis thaliana, the first plant species to have its genome sequenced. Natural genetic variation is reviewed for A. thaliana, as are the genetics of the closely related A. lyrata and of the genus Capsella. Self incompatibility is widespread in the Brassicaceae, and this subject is reviewed. Interest arising from both the commercial value of crop species of the Brassicaceae and the importance of Arabidopsis thaliana as a model species, has led to the development of numerous resources to support research. These are reviewed, including germplasm and genomic library resources, and resources for reverse genetics, metabolomics, bioinformatics and transformation. Molecular studies of the genomes of species of the Brassicaceae revealed extensive genome duplication, indicative of multiple polyploidy events during evolution. In some species, such as Brassica napus, there is evidence of multiple rounds of polyploidy during its relatively recent evolution, thus the Brassicaceae represent an excellent model system for the study of the impacts of polyploidy and the subsequent process of diploidisation, whereby the genome stabilises. Sequence-level characterization of the genomes of Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica rapa are presented, along with summaries of comparative studies conducted at both linkage map and sequence level, and analysis of the structural and functional evolution of resynthesised polyploids, along with a description of the phylogeny and karyotype evolution of the Brassicaceae. Finally, some perspectives of the editors are presented. These focus upon the Brassicaceae species as models for studying genome evolution following polyploidy, the impact of advances in genome sequencing technology, prospects for future transcriptome analysis and upcoming model systems. Professor Ian Bancroft completed his PhD at the University of Lancaster in 1986 and conducted his early postdoctoral research at Michigan State University, studying the genomes of cyanobacteria. He moved to the John Innes Centre in 1989 and has been expanding and applying his genomics expertise, initially in Arabidopsis thaliana, and since 1998 in the cultivated Brassica species. Renate Schmidt is leader of the group “Genome plasticity” at the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK) in Gatersleben (Germany). She was educated as a molecular geneticist, and her research interests center on comparative genome analysis in the Brassicaceae and transgene expression in plants.

Keywords

Genomics

Editors and affiliations

  • Renate Schmidt
    • 1
  • Ian Bancroft
    • 2
  1. 1.Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK)Leibniz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik undGaterslebenGermany
  2. 2.John Innes InstituteColney, NorwichUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7118-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4419-7117-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4419-7118-0
  • About this book