Persistence Pays

U.S. Agricultural Productivity Growth and the Benefits from Public R&D Spending

  • Julian M. Alston
  • Matthew A. Andersen
  • Jennifer S. James
  • Philip G. Pardey
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 34)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Context

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. CONTEXT

    1. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 3-8
    2. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 9-21
  4. Inputs, Outputs and Productivity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 24-24
  5. INPUTS, OUTPUTS AND PRODUCTIVITY

    1. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 25-56
    2. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 57-85
    3. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 87-133
  6. Agricultural R&D Funding and Policies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 136-136
  7. AGRICULTURAL R&D FUNDING AND POLICIES

    1. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 137-185
    2. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 187-236
  8. Models of R&D and Productivity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 238-238
  9. MODELS OF R&D AND PRODUCTIVITY

    1. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 239-269
    2. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 271-311
    3. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 313-351
    4. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 353-408
  10. Interpretation and Synthesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 410-410
  11. INTERPRETATION AND SYNTHESIS

    1. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 411-451
    2. Julian M. Alston, Jennifer S. James, Matthew A. Andersen, Philip G. Pardey
      Pages 453-463
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 465-502

About this book

Introduction

This book documents the evolving path of U.S. agriculture in the 20th Century and the role of public R&D in that evolution. The work begins with a detailed quantitative assessment of the shifting patterns of production among the states and over time and of the public institutions and investments in agricultural R&D. Then, based on newly constructed sets of panel data, some of which span the entire 20th Century and more, the authors present new econometric evidence linking state-specific agricultural productivity measures to federal and state government investments in agricultural research and extension. The results show that the time lags between R&D spending and its effects on productivity are longer than commonly found or assumed in the prior published work. Also, the spillover effects of R&D among states are important, such that the national net benefits from a state’s agricultural research investments are much greater than own-state net benefits. The main findings are consistent across a wide range of reasonable model specifications. In sum, the benefits from past public investments in agricultural research have been worth many times more than the costs, a significant share of the benefits accrue as spillovers, and the research lags are very long. An accelerated investment in public agricultural R&D is warranted by the high returns to the nation, and may be necessary to revitalize U.S. agricultural productivity growth even though the benefits may not be visible for many years.

Julian M. Alston is Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Director of the Robert Mondavi Institute Center for Wine Economics at the University of California, Davis and Associate Director for Science and Technology at the University of California Agricultural Issues Center

Matthew A. Andersen is Assistant Professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics at the University of Wyoming

Jennifer S. James is Associate Professor in the Department of Agribusiness at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Philip G. Pardey is Professor in the Department of Applied Economics and Director of the International Science and Technology Practice and Policy (InSTePP) Center at the University of Minnesota

Keywords

Farm Bill Food Crisis Food Policy Forschung & Entwicklung Research and Development

Authors and affiliations

  • Julian M. Alston
    • 1
  • Matthew A. Andersen
    • 2
  • Jennifer S. James
    • 3
  • Philip G. Pardey
    • 4
  1. 1.Div. Agriculture & Natural ResourcesUniversity of California, DavisDavisU.S.A.
  2. 2.Dept. Agricultural & Applied EconomicsUniversity of WyomingLaramieU.S.A.
  3. 3.Dept. AgribusinessCalifornia Polytechnic State UniversitySan Luis ObispoU.S.A.
  4. 4.Dept. Applied EconomicsUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulU.S.A.

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0658-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Business and Economics
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4419-0657-1
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4419-0658-8
  • About this book