Educational Assessment in the 21st Century

Connecting Theory and Practice

  • Claire Wyatt-Smith
  • J. Joy Cumming

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXV
  2. Framing Assessment Today for the Future: Issues and Challenges

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. Joy Cumming, Claire Wyatt-Smith
      Pages 1-16
  3. Creativity and Innovation in Assessment: New Skills and Capabilities, and Changing Communication Practices

  4. Building Social Capital: Difference, Diversity and Social Inclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-103
    2. Caroline Gipps, Gordon Stobart
      Pages 105-118
    3. Susan M. Brookhart
      Pages 119-136
    4. J. Joy Cumming
      Pages 157-179
  5. Assessment in a Context: Geography, Policy and Practice

  6. Back Matter
    Pages 287-309

About this book


Even in the white heat of the ever-present education debate, assessment is one of the hottest and most contested topics. While teachers develop practical methodologies such as Assessment for Learning, that aim to bring positive benefits to learners, governments and policy-makers strengthen the role of externally mandated assessment for accountability purposes.

With the field of assessment a key focus for research the world over, the traditional issues of the topic, such as validity and reliability, have been joined by a host of other issues all pressing for attention. These include: the value of testing for international benchmarking and public reporting; taking account of cultural and social diversity; new modes of testing and assessment; technological innovation; the issue of what counts as authentic assessment; and inclusion and disability issues in assessment.

In their preface, the editors argue that in a post-modern world changes in the nature of work, globalization, the information revolution and today’s social challenges will all impact on educational priorities, and thus will require new modes of assessment. As our faith in the sciences to solve our problems erodes, we also recognize that the educational assessment cannot be an exact science either; that the involvement of human beings in every aspect of its design, execution and use makes it irrevocably a social project and thus subject to all the vagaries that any kind of human activity implies. This has led to the beginnings of a more humanistic approach to assessment.

As this book makes clear, the challenge for assessment in the 21st century will be to reflect these newly emerging educational priorities. Assessment procedures will be needed that support the next generation in acquiring the skills and values they will need to manage emerging global challenges, skills such as teamwork, problem-solving and the ability to manage one’s own learning. The contributors here offer hope, suggesting that after more than a century of modernist-inspired educational assessment practices inimical to the issues of utility, fairness, flexibility and relevance, we may well be standing at the threshold of significant change.


Approaches to assessment Assessment and student learning Constraints on assessment Fairness Formative assessment Standards Summative assessment Training education educational research literacy

Editors and affiliations

  • Claire Wyatt-Smith
    • 1
  • J. Joy Cumming
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Education Mt Gravatt CampusGriffith UniversityMt GravattAustralia

Bibliographic information