Influence of Climate Change on the Changing Arctic and Sub-Arctic Conditions

  • Jacques C. J. Nihoul
  • Andrey G. Kostianoy
Conference proceedings

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9460-6

Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Jacques C. J. Nihoul, Louis Fortier
    Pages 1-6
  3. James E. Overland
    Pages 13-23
  4. Alexander A. Vetrov, Evgeny A. Romankevich
    Pages 95-108
  5. Andrey G. Kostianoy, Jacques C. J. Nihoul
    Pages 171-190
  6. William J. Wiseman Jr., Martin O. Jeffries, Clarence Pautzke, Francis Wiese
    Pages 221-232

About these proceedings

Introduction

The current warming trends in the Arctic may shove the Arctic system into a seasonally ice-free state not seen for more than one million years. The melting is accelerating, and researchers were unable to identify natural processes that might slow the deicing of the Arctic. Such substantial additional melting of Arctic and Antarctic glaciers and ice sheets would raise the sea level worldwide, flooding the coastal areas where many of the world's population lives. Studies, led by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the University of Arizona, show that greenhouse gas increases over the next century could warm the Arctic by 3-5°C in summertime. Thus, Arctic summers by 2100 may be as warm as they were nearly 130,000 years ago, when sea levels eventually rose up to 6 m higher than today.

Keywords

Arctic Ocean Climate Change Coast Global warming Greenhouse Gas Ocean Plankton Sea ice Sediment biogeochemical cycles ecosystem phytoplankton sea level

Editors and affiliations

  • Jacques C. J. Nihoul
    • 1
  • Andrey G. Kostianoy
    • 2
  1. 1.University of LiègeLiègeBelgium
  2. 2.P.P. Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Bibliographic information

  • Copyright Information Springer Netherlands 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-9458-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-9460-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6519