Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-Prey Foods

  • Jonathan G. Lundgren

Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 7)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxv
  2. Glucophagy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-21
    2. Pages 23-43
    3. Pages 45-59
    4. Pages 61-71
    5. Pages 73-83
  3. Pollinivory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-86
    2. Pages 87-116
  4. Granivory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 141-142
    2. Pages 143-165
    3. Pages 167-181
  5. Fungi and Microorganisms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-241
    2. Pages 243-258
  6. Applied Aspects of Non-Prey Foods for Natural Enemies

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 365-453

About this book


There are very few natural enemies so maladapted as to rely on prey as their sole nutritional resource. The importance of non-prey sources of nutrition have received disproportionately less attention than prey when one considers how important non-prey foods are to the evolution and ecology of natural enemies. This book examines the intricate and diverse interactions between non-prey foods and natural enemies from both parties’ perspectives, beginning at an organismal level and taking the reader on a journey that illustrates how these interactions are inextricably tied to the outcome of biological control programs targeting insects and weed seeds.


Biological Control Flora Fungi Nutritional ecology Omnivory Parasitoid Predator Symbiose

Authors and affiliations

  • Jonathan G. Lundgren
    • 1
  1. 1.North Central Agricultural Research LaboratoryUSDA-ARSBrookingsUSA

Bibliographic information