Applications of Mass Spectrometry in Life Safety

  • Crisan Popescu
  • Alina D. Zamfir
  • Nicolae Dinca

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Proteomics and Peptidomics

  3. Lipidomics

  4. Glycomics

  5. Immunology

  6. Small Molecules

    1. Florian Harja, Christine Bettendorf, Ion Grosu, Nicolae Dinca
      Pages 185-191
    2. Florentina-Daniela Munteanu, Nicolae Dinca, Artur Cavaco-Paulo
      Pages 193-203
    3. Andrea Körner
      Pages 205-212
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 235-238

About these proceedings

Introduction

Mass spectrometry (MS) along with its hyphenated techniques is capable of high throughput, sensitivity, accuracy and selectivity for the analysis of structure and composition of almost any product. Like in electrophoresis, MS separates mo- cules based on the mass-to-charge ratio. In case of gel electrophoresis (SDS- PAGE), a well-known and efficient bioanalytical technique, proteins bear negative charges but have the same charge density, so proteins are separated according to their size. Similarly, in case of MS analysis, proteins carry the same charge, and are separated by their molecular weight. Unlike SDS-PAGE, however, modern ultra high resolution MS discerns very small mass differences and can resolve and completely identify in a single experiment species of the same nominal mass in complex biological mixtures. Consequently, MS can be used for the structural characterization, identification and sensitive detection of mixtures of biomolecules or for assessing the quality of isolated proteins (purity, integrity, or post-translational modifications, for example), carbohydrates, nucleic acids, drugs, metabolites, pollutants etc. In the post-genome era, MS is continuously developing as one of the most re- able analytical method for elucidating the structure of molecules originating from various biological matrices. The potential of MS for high-sensitive structural a- lyses became unsurpassable after the introduction of electrospray (ESI) and matrix assisted laser/desorption ionization (MALDI) methods, on one hand, and the pos- bility to deduce in detail unknown biopolymer structures by highly accurate mo- cular mass measurement followed by sequencing using dissociation techniques based on multiple stage MS, on the other.

Keywords

Biology Chemistry Disaccharid Mass Spectrometry NATO Oligosaccharid Peace Proteomics Science Security Sub-Series A proteins

Editors and affiliations

  • Crisan Popescu
    • 1
  • Alina D. Zamfir
    • 2
  • Nicolae Dinca
    • 2
  1. 1.DWI e.V. and Institute of Technical and Macromolecular ChemistryRWTH Aachen UniversityGermany
  2. 2.University “Aurel Vlaicu”AradRomania

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8811-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-8810-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-8811-7
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6489
  • About this book