Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems

Benefits and Risks

  • David Pimentel

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXI
  2. Doug Koplow, Ronald Steenblik
    Pages 79-108
  3. Charles A. S. Hall, Robert Powers, William Schoenberg
    Pages 109-132
  4. Andrew R.B. Ferguson
    Pages 133-151
  5. Robert Rapier
    Pages 153-171
  6. Mario Giampietro, Kozo Mayumi
    Pages 173-213
  7. Marcelo Dias De Oliveira
    Pages 215-230
  8. Edwin Kessler
    Pages 259-294
  9. Robert M. Boddey, Luis Henrique de B. Soares, Bruno J.R. Alves, Segundo Urquiaga
    Pages 321-356
  10. Roger Samson, Claudia Ho Lem, Stephanie Bailey Stamler, Jeroen Dooper
    Pages 395-423
  11. Tiziano Gomiero, Maurizio G. Paoletti
    Pages 425-464
  12. Andrew R.B. Ferguson
    Pages 493-498
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 501-504

About this book


With shortages of fossil energy, especially oil and natural gas, and heavy biomass energy use occurring in both developed and developing countries, a major focus has developed worldwide on renewable energy systems. Renewable energy systems include wind power, biomass, photovoltaics, hydropower, solar thermal, thermal ponds, and biogas.

Currently, a heavy focus is on biofuels made from crops, such as corn, sugarcane, and soybeans, for use as renewable energy sources. Wood and crop residues also are being used as fuel. Though it may seem beneficial to use renewable plant materials for biofuel, the use of crop residues and other biomass for biofuels raises many concerns about major environmental problems, including food shortages and serious destruction of vital soil resources.

All renewable energy systems need to be investigated because humankind has only about 40 years of oil and gas reserves remaining. There is a 50 to 100 year supply of coal resources in the ground, but coal will become increasingly difficult to extract and will greatly increase the global warming threat.

Serious energy conservation and research on viable renewable energy technologies are needed. This book considers the effectiveness and economics of several renewable energy technologies of current interest, including biofuels, solar and wind.


Biodiesel Biofuels Biogas Biomass energy Developing Countries Ethanol Hydropower Natural gas Renewable energy Solar energy Solar power Wind power biofuel biomass production

Editors and affiliations

  • David Pimentel
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Agriculture and Life SciencesCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Bibliographic information