Stress Field of the Earth’s Crust

  • Arno Zang
  • Ove Stephansson

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Introduction

    1. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 1-13
  3. Definition and Terminology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 17-35
    3. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 37-62
    4. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 63-87
    5. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 89-111
  4. Measuring Stress

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 115-129
    3. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 131-163
    4. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 165-191
  5. Interpreting Stress Data

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 193-193
    2. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 195-223
    3. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 225-252
    4. Arno Zang, Ove Stephansson
      Pages 253-276
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 277-322

About this book

Introduction

This book about rock stress is suitable for students in geosciences and rock engineering, who need to broaden their horizons about the Stress Field of the Earth’s Crust. The book covers the topic so that geosciences students will be able to grasp the Cauchy Stress Principle without fear of matrix transformations in an exercise. Students interested in mathematics, physics and engineering will learn how strain gauges are used to obtain in-situ stress by the overcoring method. Leading edge technology in determining rock stress like quadruple packer and the Kaiser effect are presented together with classical methods like hydraulic fracturing. Borehole techniques (breakouts) and core-based methods (anelastic strain recovery) are illustrated. With respect to stress data, we choose to present the scientific ultra-deep drilling project KTB (Germany), the excavation for nuclear waste disposal at Olkiluoto (Finland) and the drilling into a seismic active fault zone at SAFOD (USA). Stress compilations viewed by the World Stress Map project are presented and interpreted in terms of plate tectonics.

Keywords

Borehole Fundament Packer geophysics geoscience hydraulic fracturing plate tectonics rock mechanics rock stress stress data stress measurements

Authors and affiliations

  • Arno Zang
    • 1
  • Ove Stephansson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.GFZ and KTH StockholmSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8444-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-8443-0
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-8444-7
  • About this book