Mortality and Maldevelopment

Part 1: Congenital Cardiovascular Malformations

  • Harold Kalter

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-X
  2. Harold Kalter
    Pages 1-1
  3. Harold Kalter
    Pages 2-6
  4. Harold Kalter
    Pages 7-11
  5. Harold Kalter
    Pages 12-20
  6. Harold Kalter
    Pages 21-25
  7. Harold Kalter
    Pages 26-56
  8. Harold Kalter
    Pages 57-59
  9. Harold Kalter
    Pages 60-82
  10. Harold Kalter
    Pages 83-95
  11. Harold Kalter
    Pages 98-101
  12. Harold Kalter
    Pages 102-120
  13. Harold Kalter
    Pages 121-136
  14. Harold Kalter
    Pages 137-138
  15. Harold Kalter
    Pages 139-145
  16. Harold Kalter
    Pages 146-153
  17. Harold Kalter
    Pages 184-185
  18. Back Matter
    Pages 186-222

About this book


Congenital malformations are worldwide occurrences, they know no national borders, do not distinguish between races, ethnicities, rich or poor. These severe physical abnormalities, present at birth, happen more often than is usually realized, once in every 33 births. They strike every part of the body, limbs, head, heart, and all others.

The most frequent of them all are the many types of malformations of the cardiovascular system, the heart and its blood vessels, which happen in about once in every 250 births. Study of these conditions during the twentieth century took many forms, revolving about examination and analysis of their causes, genetic, nongenetic, and complex. To aid in unraveling the complexities of this causation, various influences on their frequency are considered, among them social conditions, maternal health, birthweight, newborn maturity. And of course the known and possible environmental bases of their occurrence are fully described.

The relation of infant death to cardiovascular malformation is noted; and puzzlement that the level of such deaths had not kept pace with the reduction of infant death itself and of that associated with other kinds of malformations during this period.

An introductory record of the history of perinatal mortality in the last three centuries gives foundation for the discussion of death in contemporary decades.


birth cardiovascular cardiovascular system child development heart

Authors and affiliations

  • Harold Kalter
    • 1
  1. 1.Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCollege of Medicine, University of CincinnatiU.S.A.

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-5917-9
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-5918-6
  • Buy this book on publisher's site