The Apoplast of Higher Plants: Compartment of Storage, Transport and Reactions

The significance of the apoplast for the mineral nutrition of higher plants

  • Burkhard Sattelmacher
  • Walter J. Horst

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-12
  2. Cell wall-ion interactions: Significance for nutrition of plants and their stress tolerance

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. N. Carpita
      Pages 15-18
    3. M. A. Wimmer, H. E. Goldbach
      Pages 19-32
    4. H. Wiese, M. Nikolic, V. Römheld
      Pages 33-47
    5. W. J. Horst, M. Kollmeier, N. Schmohl, M. Sivaguru, Y. Wang, H. H. Felle et al.
      Pages 49-66
  3. The root apoplast - implication for ion acquisition and Short-distance transport

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 85-85
    2. A.D.M. Glass
      Pages 87-96
    3. L. Schreiber, R. Franke, K. Hartmann
      Pages 109-117
    4. E. Steudle, K. Ranathunge
      Pages 119-130
  4. Ion uptake from and loading into the apoplast: Characterization of channel properties and relevance for the nutrition of plants

  5. The significance of the apoplast as a compartment for long-distance transport

  6. Ion relations in the apoplast of leaves

  7. The apoplast compartment for plant-microbe interactions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 393-393
    2. T. Hurek
      Pages 395-403
    3. M. Teuber, H. Papen, R. Gasche, T.H. Eßmüller, A. Geßler
      Pages 405-425
    4. B. Reinhold-Hurek, A. Krause, B. Leyser, L. Miché, T. Hurek
      Pages 427-443
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 455-457

About this book


It was the botanist Ernst Münch, who separated the plant into two principal compartments, the "dead" apoplast and the living symplast. Only during the last 20 years cell walls attracted the interest of a broader group of plant scientists. We know today that apoplastic functions are much more diverse. The apoplast may be considered as "the internal physiological environment of plant bodies", that essentially maintains homeostasis. The term ‘cell wall’ may be misleading, since the chemical and physical properties of cell walls are not fixed but rapidly respond to environmental stimuli. This is why the term "extracellular matrix" may be more appropriate.

The book summarizes the experimental work conducted during a trans-disciplinary research programme funded for six years by the German Research Foundation. In their contributions, the authors representing outstanding German scientists from such different disciplines as Physics, Biochemistry, Plant Nutrition, Botany, and Molecular Biology not only report original research but also review the state of knowledge in their particular research fields: nutrient acquisition, short and long distance (xylem) transport, tolerance of nutrient deficiencies and mineral toxicities, and the role of micro-organisms colonizing the apoplast.

Introductory remarks are written to each of the chapters by internationally highly recognized scientists in their research areas.


AgroMicro Liana Meadow Plant nutrition Transpiration Transport botanics environment homeostasis imaging ion uptake mineral nutrition ricinus communis roots tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • Burkhard Sattelmacher
    • 1
  • Walter J. Horst
    • 1
  1. 1.University of HannoverGermany

Bibliographic information