Flow and Transport Processes with Complex Obstructions

Applications to Cities, Vegetative Canopies, and Industry

  • Yevgeny A. Gayev
  • Julian C.R. Hunt
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 236)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XII
  2. J.C.R. Hunt, D.J. Carruthers, N.C. Daish
    Pages 29-87
  3. H. Nepf, B. White, A. Lightbody, M. Ghisalberti
    Pages 221-250
  4. I. Eames, V. Roig, J.C.R. Hunt, S.E. Belcher
    Pages 251-270
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 359-414

About these proceedings

Introduction

The NATO Advanced Study Institute “Flow and Transport Processes in Complex - structed Geometries: from cities and vegetative canopies to engineering problems” was held in Kyiv, Ukraine in the period of May 4 - 15, 2004. This book based on the papers presented there provides an overview of this new area in ?uid mechanics and its app- cations that have developed over the past three decades. The subject, whose origins lie both in theory and in practice, is now rapidly developing in many directions. The focus of applied ?uid mechanics research has steadily been shifting from - gineering to environmental applications. In both ?elds there has been great interest in the study of ?ows around obstacles; initially single isolated obstacles, and then groups, together with the e?ects of nearby resistive surfaces, such as the walls of a pipe, the ground or a free surface in hydraulics. Simpli?ed theoretical analysis began with studies of axisymmetric and cylind- cal free-mounted bodies. However other methods had to be used for quantifying the complete ?ow ?elds past arbitrary blu? bodies, either by using experiments or, when powerful computers became available, by direct calculation and solution of the full equations of ?uid dynamics. In most practical cases the Reynolds numbers are too large to compute all the small scale eddy motions which therefore have to be described statistically.

Keywords

Meteorology Scale Tornado Wind fluid mechanics hydraulics modeling porous media simulation vegetation

Editors and affiliations

  • Yevgeny A. Gayev
    • 1
  • Julian C.R. Hunt
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Hydromechanics of Ukrainian National Academy of SciencesUkraine
  2. 2.University College LondonU.K.

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5385-6
  • Copyright Information Springer 2007
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4020-5383-2
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4020-5385-6
  • Series Print ISSN 1568-2609