Human Longevity, Individual Life Duration, and the Growth of the Oldest-Old Population

  • Jean-Marie Robine
  • Eileen M. Crimmins
  • Shiro Horiuchi
  • Zeng Yi

Part of the International Studies in Population book series (ISIP, volume 4)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Theoretical and Comparative Biological Concepts

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 4-6
    2. Jean-Marie Robine
      Pages 7-42
  3. Empirical and Analytical Studies of Ageing and Oldest-Old Populations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 84-86
    2. Zeng Yi, James W. Vaupel
      Pages 87-110
    3. Michel Poulain, Giovanni M. Pes, Ciriaco Carru, Luiggi Ferrucci, Giovanella Baggio, Claudio Franceschi et al.
      Pages 147-166
    4. Robert Bourbeau, Bertrand Desjardins
      Pages 167-185
  4. Causes of Death and Biological Frailty

  5. Sex, Gender, and Social Determinants and Consequences of Mortality

  6. Causes of the Trend in Mortality and Morbidity

  7. Causes of the Trend in Mortality and Morbidity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages I-XV
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 437-442

About this book


Old-age survival has considerably improved in the second half of the twentieth century. Life expectancy in wealthy countries has increased, on average, from 65 years in 1950 to 76 years in 2005. The rise was more spectacular in some countries: the life expectancy for Japanese women rose from 62 years to 86 years during the same period. Driven by this longevity extension, the population aged 80 and over in those countries has grown fivefold from 8.5 million in 1950 to 44.5 million in 2005. Why has such a substantial extension of human lifespan occurred? How long can we live? In this book, these fundamental questions are explored by experts from such diverse fields as biology, medicine, epidemiology, demography, sociology, and mathematics: they report on recent cutting-edge studies about essential issues of human longevity such as evolution of lifespan of species, genetics of human longevity, reasons for the recent improvement in survival of the elderly, medical and behavioral causes of deaths among very old people, and social factors of long survival in old age.


Adult mortality Ageing Biology of longevity Causes of death Decline in mortality Demography Frailty Gender Indicators Oldest old (centenarians) Sex Social Factors Social Sciences age morbidity

Editors and affiliations

  • Jean-Marie Robine
    • 1
  • Eileen M. Crimmins
    • 2
  • Shiro Horiuchi
    • 3
  • Zeng Yi
    • 4
  1. 1.University of MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Rockefeller UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Duke UniversityDurhamUSA

Bibliographic information