The Life of Charles Ledger (1818–1905)

Alpacas and Quinine

  • Authors
  • Gabriele Gramiccia

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 1-22
  3. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 23-68
  4. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 69-119
  5. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 120-134
  6. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 135-165
  7. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 166-190
  8. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 191-198
  9. Gabriele Gramiccia
    Pages 199-208
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 209-222

About this book


This is the first comprehensive study of the life and works of Charles Ledger. Ledger's great contribution to the world was the identification and cultivation of the 'best' unhybridized cinchona seed, from which 90% of the world's quinine was eventually produced. But Charles Ledger didn't only 'give' the world quinine, he led an adventurous life: perhaps his greatest feat being an epic drive of alpacas. He travelled 2500 km from Peru and Bolivia through Argentina and across the Andes to Peru, and then sailed to New South Wales in an attempt to establish an alpaca wool industry there - the journey took 6 years. He died unrecognised by the scientific community and poor.


America Argentina Australia bibliography community epic event family identification industry seed trader travel tree wool

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Macmillan Publishers Limited 1988
  • Publisher Name Palgrave, London
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-1-349-09951-1
  • Online ISBN 978-1-349-09949-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site