Simulator-based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years

The History of the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory

  • Ann Britt Skjerve
  • Andreas Bye

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Fridtjov Øwre
      Pages 13-42
  3. Perspectives on Simulator Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 43-43
    2. Gyrd Skraaning Jr., Maren Helene Rø Eitrheim
      Pages 57-74
    3. Erik Hollnagel
      Pages 75-90
    4. John M. O’Hara, J. Persensky
      Pages 91-106
  4. Simulator Studies in HAMMLAB: Early Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 107-107
    2. Jon Øyen Hol, Thorbjørn J. Bjørlo
      Pages 109-124
    3. Kjell Haugset
      Pages 139-151
  5. Simulator Studies in Hammlab: Recent Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. Øivind Berg, Magnhild Kaarstad, Jan Erik Farbrot, Christer Nihlwing, Tommy Karlsson, Belen Torralba
      Pages 155-167
    3. Angelia Sebok, Beth Plott
      Pages 181-196
    4. Svein Nilsen, Yeong Cheol Shin
      Pages 197-214
    5. Ann Britt Skjerve, Gyrd Skraaning Jr., Ray Saarni, Stine Strand
      Pages 215-231
    6. Per Øivind Braarud, Barry Kirwan
      Pages 233-251
    7. Salvatore Massaiu, Andreas Bye, Per Øivind Braarud, Helena Broberg, Michael Hildebrandt, Vinh N. Dang et al.
      Pages 253-269
    8. Magnhild Kaarstad, Espen Nystad, Stine Strand
      Pages 271-286
  6. Outlook

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 303-303
    2. Bruce P. Hallbert, Vinh N. Dang, Erasmia Lois
      Pages 327-338
    3. Espen Nystad, Bernard Papin, Andreas Bye, Ann Britt Skjerve, Michael Louka, Fridtjov Øwre et al.
      Pages 339-358
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 359-364

About these proceedings


The Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLAB) has been at the heart of human factors research at the OECD Halden Reactor Project (HRP). The HRP is sponsored by a group of organizations representing nuclear power plant regulators, utilities, research institutions and vendors. The HRP is hosted by the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) in Halden, Norway.

HAMMLAB comprises three full-scale nuclear power plant control room research simulators. The simulator studies performed in HAMMLAB have traditionally been experimental in nature. In a simulator it is possible to study events as they unfold in real time, in a highly realistic operational environment under partially controlled conditions. This means that a wide range of human factors issues, which would be impossible or highly impracticable to study in real-life settings, can thus be addressed in HAMMLAB.

Simulator-based Human Factors Studies Across 25 Years

celebrates the twenty-fifth anniversary of HAMMLAB by reviewing the human factors studies performed in HAMMLAB across this time-span. A range of human factors issues have been addressed, including:
• human-system interfaces;
• alarm systems;
• computerized procedures;
• human-automation interaction;
• staffing and teamwork; and
• human reliability.

The aim of HAMMLAB studies has always been the same: to generate knowledge for solving current and future challenges in nuclear power plant operation to contribute to safety. The outcomes of HAMMLAB studies have been used to support design and assessment of nuclear power plant control rooms.


Fuel Safety Halden Reactor Project Human Factors Nuclear Power Plants Organisational Factors

Editors and affiliations

  • Ann Britt Skjerve
    • 1
  • Andreas Bye
    • 2
  1. 1., OECD Halden Reactor ProjectInstitute for Energy TechnologyHaldenNorway
  2. 2., OECD Halden Reactor ProjectInstitute for Energy TechnologyHaldenNorway

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, London
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-0-85729-002-1
  • Online ISBN 978-0-85729-003-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site