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The Construction of Cognitive Maps

  • Juval Portugali

Part of the GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 32)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. The Construction of Cognitive Maps: An Introduction

  3. Theoretical Frameworks

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Hermann Haken, Juval Portugali
      Pages 45-67
    3. Sucharita Gopal
      Pages 69-85
    4. Thea Ghiselli-Crippa, Stephen C. Hirtle, Paul Munro
      Pages 87-104
  4. Transformations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 155-155
    2. M. Jeanne Sholl
      Pages 157-186
    3. Robert Lloyd, Rex Cammack
      Pages 187-213
    4. Reginald G. Golledge, Roberta L. Klatzky, Jack M. Loomis
      Pages 215-246
    5. Simon Ungar, Mark Blades, Christopher Spencer
      Pages 247-273
    6. Marie-Paule Daniel, Luc Carité, Michel Denis
      Pages 297-318
  5. Specific Themes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 319-319
    2. David Stea, James M. Blaut, Jennifer Stephens
      Pages 345-360
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 361-365

About this book

Introduction

and processes which are exclusive to humans in their encoding, storing, decoding and retrieving spatial knowledge for various tasks. The authors present and discuss connectionist models of cognitive maps which are based on local representation, versus models which are based on distributed representation, as well as connectionist models concerning language and spatial relations. As is well known, Gibson's (1979) ecological approach suggests a view on cognition which is diametrically different from the classical main stream view: perception (and thus cognition) is direct, immediate and needs no internal information processing, and is thus essentially an external process of interaction between an organism and its external environment. The chapter by Harry Heft introduces J. J. Gibson's ecological approach and its implication to the construction of cognitive maps in general and to the issue of wayfinding in particular. According to Heft, main stream cognitive sciences are essentially Cartesian in nature and have not as yet internalized the implications of Darwin's theory of evolution. Gibson, in his ecological approach, has tried to do exactly this. The author introduces the basic terminology of the ecological approach and relates its various notions, in particular optic flow, nested hierarchy and affordances, to navigation and the way routes and places in the environment are learned.

Keywords

Connectionism Navigation attention cognition knowledge modeling neural network

Editors and affiliations

  • Juval Portugali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyTel Aviv UniversityIsrael

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-585-33485-1
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-3949-6
  • Online ISBN 978-0-585-33485-1
  • Series Print ISSN 0924-5499
  • Buy this book on publisher's site