# Lecture Notes on the General Theory of Relativity

## From Newton's Attractive Gravity to the Repulsive Gravity of Vacuum Energy

Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 772)

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 772)

This book has resulted from a course in the general theory of relativity at the University of Oslo where the author has lectured for more than twenty years. Although the text is designed for master students, it is rather self-contained. Since mathematics courses on differential geometry and tensor calculus usually employ a rather abstract notation different from the component notation used in physical applications, the book introduces not only an introduction to the physical principles of the theory and physical applications of the theory, but also introduces the mathematics which is needed, in particular the calculus of differential forms. Detailed calculations are given of the bending of light, the perihelion precession of Mercury and the predictions for the Hafele-Keating experiment. The Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation is deduced and solved for an incompressible fluid to give the internal Schwarzschild solution. Rotating black holes are discussed. The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe models are deduced. Also the reader will become familiar with the Universe model which is now considered as the standard model of the universe; a flat model filled with vacuum energy and cold matter. The inflationary era at the first moment of the history of our universe is also discussed.

EFE Four-vector Gravity Lorentz transformation Minkowski diagram RMS Redshift Relativity Sagnac effect Time dilation general theory of relativity special theory of relativity

- DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-88134-8
- Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 2009
- Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
- eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
- Print ISBN 978-0-387-88133-1
- Online ISBN 978-0-387-88134-8
- Series Print ISSN 0075-8450
- Series Online ISSN 1616-6361
- Buy this book on publisher's site