© 2009

Handbook of Sample Preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

  • Authors

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 1-9
  3. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 11-18
  4. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 19-29
  5. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 31-45
  6. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 47-63
  7. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 65-95
  8. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 97-136
  9. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 137-183
  10. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 235-245
  11. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 247-298
  12. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 299-306
  13. Patrick Echlin
    Pages 307-315
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 317-330

About this book


This Handbook is a complete guide to preparing a wide variety of specimens for the scanning electron microscope and x-ray microanalyzers. Specimens range from inorganic, organic, biological, and geological samples to materials such as metals, polymers, and semiconductors which can exist as solids, liquids and gases. While the Handbook complements the best-selling textbook, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis, Third Edition, by Goldstein, et al., it is entirely self-contained and describes what is needed up to the point the sample is put into the instrument. Photomicrographs of each specimen complement the many sample preparation "recipes." Additional chapters describe the general features of specimen preparation in relation to the different needs of scanning electron microscopes and x-ray microanalyzers, and an appendix covers chemicals and equipment applicable to any of the recipes. This practical Handbook is an essential reference for anyone who uses these instruments. It assumes only an elementary knowledge of preparation techniques but also serves as an authoritative guide for more experienced microscopists.


Inorganic Material Metals, Alloys, and Metallic Materials electron microscopy microscopy sample preparation preparation scanning electron microscopy sample preparation sem sample preparation xrma scanning electron microscope specimen preparation techniques microscopy book x-ray microanalyzer book

About the authors

Patrick Echlin was a lecturer in the Department of Plant Sciences and Director of the Multi-Imaging Centre, School of Biological Science, University of Cambridge until he retired in 1999. He has taught for more than thirty years at the Lehigh University Microscopy School and is the author and co-auther of eight books on scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society and received the Distinguished Scientist Award in Biological Sciences from the Microscope Society of America in 2001.

Bibliographic information


This handbook should find its way to the reference bookshelf of all imaging laboratories. It should also become required reading for anyone being trained for SEM work, or anyone who might need to have their samples examined by using such techniques. In that way, it will be less likely that deficient results will be published and that the full potential of the SEM be realized. -- Iolo ap Gwynn, Microscopy and Microanalysis (2010)