The Mars Plasma Environment

  • C. T. Russell

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-2
  2. Brian E. Wood
    Pages 3-14
  3. Stephen H. Brecht, Stephen A. Ledvina
    Pages 15-38
  4. E. Kallio, A. Fedorov, S. Barabash, R. Janhunen, H. Koskinen, W. Schmidt et al.
    Pages 39-62
  5. Michael W. Liemohn, Yingjuan Ma, Rudy A. Frahm, Xiaohua Fang, Janet U. Kozyra, Andrew F. Nagy et al.
    Pages 63-76
  6. S. Barabash, R. Lundin, H. Andersson, K. Brinkfeldt, A. Grigoriev, H. Gunell et al.
    Pages 113-164
  7. M. Fränz, E. Dubinin, E. Roussos, J. Woch, J. D. Winningham, R. Frahm et al.
    Pages 165-207
  8. E. Dubinin, M. Fränz, J. Woch, E. Roussos, S. Barabash, R. Lundin et al.
    Pages 209-238
  9. M. Yamauchi, Y. Futaana, A. Fedorov, E. Dubinin, R. Lundin, J.-A. Sauvaud et al.
    Pages 239-266
  10. A. Galli, P. Wurz, S. Barabash, A. Grigoriev, H. Gunell, R. Lundin et al.
    Pages 267-297
  11. A. Grigoriev, Y. Futaana, S. Barabash, A. Fedorov
    Pages 299-313
  12. Y. Futaana, S. Barabash, A. Grigoriev, D. Winningham, R. Frahm, M. Yamauchi et al.
    Pages 315-332
  13. R. Lundin, D. Winningham, S. Barabash, R. Frahm, D. Brain, H. Nilsson et al.
    Pages 333-354
  14. H. Nilsson, E. Carlsson, H. Gunell, Y. Futaana, S. Barabash, R. Lundin et al.
    Pages 355-372
  15. E. Nielsen, H. Zou, D. A. Gurnett, D. L. Kirchner, D. D. Morgan, R. Huff et al.
    Pages 373-388
  16. R. A. Frahm, J. R. Sharber, J. D. Winningham, P. Wurz, M. W. Liemohn, E. Kallio et al.
    Pages 389-402
  17. Konrad Dennerl
    Pages 403-433
  18. Mats Holmström
    Pages 435-445
  19. A. Galli, P. Wurz, H. Lammer, H. I. M. Lichtenegger, R. Lundin, S. Barabash et al.
    Pages 447-467
  20. Herbert I. M. Lichtenegger, Helmut Lammer, Yuri N. Kulikov, Shahin Kazeminejad, Gregorio H. Molina-Cuberos, Rafael Rodrigo et al.
    Pages 469-501
  21. Herbert I. M. Lichtenegger, Helmut Lammer, Yuri N. Kulikov, Shahin Kazeminejad, Gregorio H. Molina-Cuberos, Rafael Rodrigo et al.
    Pages 503-503

About this book


Mars sits very exposed to the solar wind and, because it is a small planet, has but a weak hold on its atmosphere. The solar wind therefore plays an important role in the evolution of the martian atmosphere. Over the last four decades a series of European missions, first from the Soviet Union and more recently from the European Space Agency, together with a single investigation from the U.S., the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, have added immeasurably to our understanding of the interplay between the solar wind and Mars atmosphere.

Most recently the measurements of the plasma and fast neutral populations, conducted on the Mars Express spacecraft by the ASPERA-3 instrument have been acquired and analyzed. Their presentation to the public, most notably at the workshop "The Solar Wind Interaction and Atmosphere Evolution of Mars" held in Kiruna in early 2006, was the inspiration for this series of articles. However participation in the Kiruna conference was not a selection criterion for this volume. The papers cover the ancient sun and evolution of the solar wind, the physics of the solar wind interaction, the measurements of the hot plasma and fast neutrals by ASPERA-3, the ionosphere by MARSIS, and the x-rays emitted by the atmosphere.

The authors of this volume include many international scientists at the cutting edge of research into the Mars plasma environment. The volume documents the impressive leap forward in our comprehension of this complex environment in the years since the orbit insertion of Mars Express.


ASPERA Environment Mars Mars Express Planet Plasma environment Solar wind atmosphere evolution helio physics ionosphere planetary science relativistic jet solar solar wind interaction space physics

Editors and affiliations

  • C. T. Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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