Causality of Psychological Injury

Presenting Evidence in Court

  • Gerald Young
  • Keith Nicholson
  • Andrew W. Kane

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Causality, Psychological Injuries, and Court: Introduction

    1. Gerald Young, Andrew W. Kane, Keith Nicholson
      Pages 1-10
  3. Causality and Psychological Evidence: Concepts, Terms, Issues

  4. Causality in Court: Psychological Considerations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 259-259
    2. Andrew W. Kane
      Pages 261-292
    3. Andrew W. Kane
      Pages 293-323
    4. Andrew W. Kane
      Pages 325-367
    5. Andrew W. Kane
      Pages 369-371
  5. Malingering in Psychological Injury: TBI, Chronic Pain, and PTSD

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 373-373
    2. Keith Nicholson, Michael F. Martelli
      Pages 375-409
    3. Keith Nicholson, Michael F. Martelli
      Pages 411-426
    4. Keith Nicholson, Michael F. Martelli
      Pages 427-475
    5. Keith Nicholson, Michael F. Martelli
      Pages 477-500
    6. Keith Nicholson, Michael F. Martelli
      Pages 501-508
    7. Keith Nicholson, Michael F. Martelli
      Pages 509-514
  6. Causality, Psychology, and Law

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 515-515
    2. Daniel W. Shuman, Jennifer L. Hardy
      Pages 517-548
    3. Gerald Young, Andrew W. Kane, Keith Nicholson
      Pages 549-563
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 565-646

About this book


This sequel to the authors’ Psychological Knowledge in Court offers a welcome expansion on key concepts, terms, and issues in causality, bringing much needed clarity to psychological injury assessments and the legal contexts that employ them.

Focusing on PTSD, traumatic brain injury, and chronic pain (and grounding readers in salient U.S. and Canadian case law), Causality sets out a multifactorial causality framework to facilitate admissibility of psychological evidence in court. Issues concerning malingering are examined in depth, as are clinical gray areas that can jeopardize validity. At the same time, the book clearly explains what lawyers and clinicians need to understand about each other’s work—of crucial importance since the two sides often seem to speak at cross-purposes.

The authors and six guest contributors

  • Illustrate the roles of preexisting vulnerabilities, traumatic events, and post-event occurrences in psychological impairment and disability
  • Review the literature on PTSD, TBI, and chronic pain for legal relevance
  • Identify current challenges and controversies in the field, as well as emerging areas for research
  • Recommend methods and instruments for conducting more courtworthy assessments
  • Provide a detailed critical review of malingering and related phenomena
  • Propose a more accurate, shared terminology of causality

Valid causality judgments are based on sound knowledge of research on large populations and careful testing of individuals; at the same time they must conform to stringent legal standards of relevance and reliability to be accepted for testimony. Forensic practitioners and attorneys will turn to Causality of Psychological Injury as their professional paths increasingly cross in seeking comprehensive and state of the art information.


Chronic Pain Depression Focusing Forensic Psychology Malingering PTSD TBI assessment brain law online pain psychology rehabilitation stress

Authors and affiliations

  • Gerald Young
    • 1
  • Keith Nicholson
    • 2
  • Andrew W. Kane
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Glendon CollegeYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Comprehensive Pain ProgramToronto Western HospitalTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Clinical, Consulting & Forensic PsychologistMilwaukeeUSA

Bibliographic information