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Advances in the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide

International Approaches to Reduce Anthropogenic Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  • S. Lombardi
  • L.K. Altunina
  • S.E. Beaubien

Part of the Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences book series (NAIV, volume 65)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XV
  2. ANTHROPOGENIC GREENHOUSE GASES IN THE ATMOSPHERE

  3. Permafrost CO2 Storage

    1. V.P. Melnikov, D.S. Drozdov
      Pages 67-80
    2. A.D. Duchkov
      Pages 81-91
    3. A.G. Anshits, N.P. Kirik, B.V. Shibistov
      Pages 93-102
    4. L.K. Altunina, V.A. Kuvshinov, S.N. Dolgikh
      Pages 103-110
    5. P. Jadhawar, A.H. Mohammadi, J. Yang, B. Tohidi
      Pages 111-126
  4. Natural Analogues of CO2 Storage

    1. J. M. Pearce
      Pages 127-139
    2. S. Lombardi, A. Annunziatellis, S.E. Beaubien, G. Ciotoli
      Pages 141-156
    3. I. Czernichowski-Lauriol, C. Rochelle, I. Gaus, M. Azaroual, J. Pearce, P. Durst
      Pages 157-174
    4. N. Voltattorni, G. Caramanna, D. Cinti, G. Galli, L. Pizzino, F. Quattrocchi
      Pages 175-190
    5. J. Klerkx, M. De Batist, J. Poort, R. Hus, P. Van Rensbergen, O. Khlystov et al.
      Pages 203-219
  5. Active CO2 Injection Sites

  6. The Way Forward

About these proceedings

Introduction

As is now generally accepted mankind’s burning of fossil fuels has resulted in the mass transfer of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, a modification of the delicately-balanced global carbon cycle, and a measurable change in world-wide temperatures and climate. Although not the most powerful greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO) drives climate 2 change due to the enormous volumes of this gas pumped into the atmosphere every day. Produced in almost equal parts by the transportation, industrial and energy-generating sectors, atmospheric CO concentrations have 2 increased by about 50% over the last 300 years, and according to some sources are predicted to increase by up to 200% over pre-industrial levels during the next 100 years. If we are to reverse this trend, in order to prevent significant environmental change in the future, action must be taken immediately. While reduced use of fossil fuels (through conservation, increased efficiency and expanded use of renewable energy sources) must be our ultimate goal, short to medium term solutions are needed which can make an impact today. Various types of CO storage techniques have been proposed to fill this 2 need, with the injection of this gas into deep geological reservoirs being one of the most promising. For example this approach has the potential to become a closed loop system, whereby underground energy resources are brought to surface, their energy extracted (via burning or hydrogen extraction), and the resulting by-products returned to the subsurface.

Keywords

Frost GIS Geochemistry Geoinformationssysteme Greenhouse gas Reservoir Scale climate change emissions remote sensing

Editors and affiliations

  • S. Lombardi
    • 1
  • L.K. Altunina
    • 2
  • S.E. Beaubien
    • 3
  1. 1.Universita di Roma “La Sapienza”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Siberian Branch - Russian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia
  3. 3.Universita di Roma “La Sapienza”RomeItaly

Bibliographic information