© 2006

European research reloaded: cooperation and europeanized states integration among europeanized states

  • Ronald Holzhacker
  • Markus Haverland


  • Theoretically unites the process of European integration and Europeanization

  • Provides up-to-date empirical research with methodological rigor

  • Combines a comparative politics approach with international relations

  • Posits the importance of democratic legitimacy in the further cooperation and integration of the EU and the member states


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Europeanization of the Member States - Beyond Goodness of Fit

  3. European Integration - Integration and Cooperation among Europeanized States

  4. Conceptual Challenges - Territory, Governance and Changing Notions of Sovereignty

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 273-273

About this book


European integration has had an ever deepening impact on the member states. The first wave of research concerned the process of institution building and policy developments at the European Union (EU) level. The second wave, on Europeanization used the resulting integration as an explanatory factor in understanding domestic political change and continuity. What is now necessary is to link our understanding of these ‘bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ processes of integration and Europeanization.

This book argues that a third wave of research on the EU is needed to adequately understand the increased interconnectedness between the European and national political levels. We posit that this third wave should be sensitive to the temporal dimension of European integration and Europeanization. In particular, we ask: how has Europeanization affected current modes of integration and cooperation in the EU?

One of the key findings of the book is the astonishing variation in modes of cooperation in the EU. We suggest that this variation can be explained by taking into account the sources of legitimacy on which cooperation and integration are based. We argue that whereas economic integration could be sufficiently backed by output legitimacy, deeper integration in other areas requires a degree of input legitimacy that is currently lacking in the EU. Therefore, non-economic integration is often taking forms of looser types of cooperation, such as the open method of coordination and benchmarking. We elaborate on this speculation in the conclusion and believe that it should be part of the future research agenda.


Cooperation EU EU Integration EU policy-making European Convention European Integration European Union European Union (EU) state

Editors and affiliations

  • Ronald Holzhacker
    • 1
  • Markus Haverland
    • 2
  1. 1.Political scienceUniversity of TwenteThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Faculty of Social SciencesLeiden UniversityThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information