Population Change and Rural Society

  • William A. Kandel
  • David L. Brown

Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE, volume 16)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Introduction and Demographic Context

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. David L. Brown, William A. Kandel
      Pages 3-23
    3. Kenneth M. Johnson, John B. Cromartie
      Pages 25-49
  3. Four Critical Socio-Demographic Themes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 51-51
    2. Annabel Kirschner, E. Helen Berry, Nina Glasgow
      Pages 53-74
    3. Alexander C. Vias, Peter B. Nelson
      Pages 75-102
    4. Max J. Pfeffer, Joe D. Francis, Zev Ross
      Pages 103-129
    5. Leif Jensen, Stephan J. Goetz, Hema Swaminathan
      Pages 131-152
  4. Case Studies of Population and Society in Different Rural Regions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. William A. Kandel, Emilio A. Parrado
      Pages 155-175
    3. Kenneth M. Johnson, Richard W. Rathge
      Pages 197-217
    4. John B. Cromartie
      Pages 233-252
    5. Douglas Jackson-Smith, Eric Jensen, Brian Jennings
      Pages 253-276
    6. Richard C. Stedman, Stephan J. Goetz, Benjamin Weagraff
      Pages 277-292
    7. Roger B. Hammer, Richelle L. Winkler
      Pages 293-309
    8. Richard S. Krannich, Peggy Petrzelka, Joan M. Brehm
      Pages 311-331
    9. Christiane Von Reichert
      Pages 333-356
    10. Elgin Mannion, Dwight B. Billings
      Pages 357-379
    11. M. A. Lee, Joachim Singelmann
      Pages 381-403
  5. New Analytic Directions and Policy Implications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 405-405
    2. Paul R. Voss, Katherine J. Curtis White, Roger B. Hammer
      Pages 407-429
    3. Leslie A. Whitener
      Pages 431-447
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 449-468

About this book


CALVIN L. BEALE In considering how to introduce the subject of rural population change in st the 21 Century, I ?nd myself re?ecting on my own experience as a demographer for the U. S. Department of Agriculture. When I arrived at the Department, the post-World War II modernization of farming was well under way. Each year, my colleague Gladys Bowles and I had the unpopular task of announcing how much the farm population had decreased in the prior year. It was hard to say that the phenomenon was someone’s fault. Dramatic reductions in labor requirements per unit of agricultural output were occurring everywhere and not just in the United States. But politically, blame had to be assigned, and whichever political party was not in the White House was certain to place the blame squarely on the current administration. The demographic consequences of this trend were major. In a 22-year period from 1941 to 1962, the net loss of farm population from migration and cessation of farming averaged over a million people per year. It took eight years after the war before an administration was willing to begin to talk about the need to diversify rural employment. By that time, farm residents had already become a minority of rural people. However, well into the 1970s, I continued to receive inquiries from people who still equated rural with farm or who could not envision what rural-nonfarm people did for a living.


Census Demographic change Demography Nation Rural Development development environment integration migration population

Editors and affiliations

  • William A. Kandel
    • 1
  • David L. Brown
    • 2
  1. 1.U.S. Department of AgricultureEconomic Research ServiceWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Development SociologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Bibliographic information