Behavior and Social Issues

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 95–100 | Cite as

Macrocontingencies and Institutions: A Behaviorological Analysis

  • Jerome D. UlmanEmail author


Macrocontingency is defined as the conjoint actions of two or more individuals under common contingency control. This unit of analysis addresses the effects of contingency relations controlling the actions of any number of individuals, concurrently or sequentially. A macrocontingency analysis at the institutional level begins by identifying the motivating condition and functional components of an institution. The components are occasional but interrelated behavioral situations (e.g., meetings) incorporating the physical settings, conjoint actions of the participants, and macrocontingencies controlling those actions. What is denoted or inferred in a macrocontingency analysis must be capable of being directly observable. An institutional macrocontingency analysis is illustrated with a report of a protest march issuing from the struggle in Brazil to reverse an unequal distribution of land.


macrocontingency institutional analysis language interlocking behavioral contingencies verbal behavior 


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Copyright information

© Jerome D. Ulman 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Special EducationBall State UniversityMuncieUSA

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