Behavior and Social Issues

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 108–197 | Cite as

Toward a Constructional Approach to Social Problems: Ethical and Constitutional Issues Raised by Applied Behavior Analysis

  • Israel Goldiamond
Classic Article


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ayllon, T. & Azrin, N. H. (1965). The measurement and reinforcement of behavior of psychotics. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 8, 357–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayllon, T. & Azrin, N. H. (1968). The token economy. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  3. Azrin, N. H. & Foxx, R. M. (1974). Toilet training in less than a day. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  4. Azrin, N. H. & Powell, J. (1968). Behavioral engineering: The reduction of smoking behavior by a conditioning apparatus and procedure. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1, 193–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bandura, A. (1969). Principles of behavior modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  6. Beeson, P. B. (1973). Some good features of the British National Health Service. Duplicated paper circulated to Department of Psychiatry, University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  7. Behavior Today, (1974), 5 (15).Google Scholar
  8. Bernard, C. (1957). An introduction to the study of experimental medicine. New York: Dover. (first published, 1865)Google Scholar
  9. Braginsky, B. M., Braginsky, D. D. & Ring, K. (1969). Methods of madness. New York: Holt-Rinehart-Winston.Google Scholar
  10. Cohen, H. L. & Filipczak, J. (1971). A new learning environment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  11. Costello, J. (1974, March 30). Time -out programs for the modification of stuttering. Paper presented at the 22nd Annual Conference, California Speech and Hearing Association, Stateline, Nevada.Google Scholar
  12. Cowen, E. L. (1973). Social and community interventions. Annual Review of Psychology, 24, 423–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Day, W. F. (1972). Beyond bondage and regimentation: Review of B. F. Skinner’s “Beyond freedom and dignity.” Contemporary Psychology, 17, 465–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dollard, J. & Miller, N. E. (1950). Personality and psychotherapy. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  15. Ervin, S. J., Jr. (1973). Quality of health care - human experimentation. Statement before the Sub-committee on Health, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety-third Congress, first session. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, Part 3, 1026–1033.Google Scholar
  16. Fairweather, G. W., Sanders, D. H., Maynard, H. & Cressler, D. L. (1969). Community life for the mentally ill. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  17. Ferster, C. B. & Culbertson, S. (1974). A psychology learning center. Psychological Record, 24, 33–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ferster, C. B. & Skinner, B. F. (1957). Schedules of reinforcement. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fletcher, J. L. (1972). Medical legal information. Illinois Medical Journal, 405–410.Google Scholar
  20. Foxx, R. M. & Azrin, N. H. (1973). Toilet training the retarded. Champaign, Ill.: Research Press.Google Scholar
  21. Goffman, E. (1962). On the characteristics of total institutions. In E. Goffman, Asylums. Chicago: A ldine.Google Scholar
  22. Goldfarb, R. L. (1974). Stimulus/Response: American prisons: Self-defeating concrete. Psychology Today, 7(8), 20–24, 85–89.Google Scholar
  23. Goldiamond, I. (1965). Justified and unjustified alarm over behavioral control. In O. Milton (Ed.), Changing concepts in behavior disorders. Philadelphia: Lippincott.Google Scholar
  24. Goldiamond, I. (1965). Self-control procedures in personal behavior problems. Psychological Reports, 17, 851–868 (b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Goldiamond, I. (1966). Perception, language, and conceptualization rules. In B. Kleinmuntz (Ed.), Problem solving. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  26. Goldiamond, I. (1968). Moral behavior: A functional analysis. Psychology Today, 2(4), 31–34, 70.Google Scholar
  27. Goidiamond, I. (1969). Applications of operant conditioning. In Current trends in army medical department psychology. Fitzsimmons General Hospital, 198–231.Google Scholar
  28. Goldiamond, I. (1970). Human control over human behavior. In M. Wertheimer (Ed.), Confrontation. Glenview: Scott, Foresman.Google Scholar
  29. Goldiamond, I. (in press). Coping and adaptive behaviors of the disabled. In G. Albrecht (Ed.), Socialization in the disability process. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  30. Gray, F. (1974). Little brother is changing you. Psychology Today, 7(10), 42–46.Google Scholar
  31. Hendershot, C. H. (1967). Programmed learning: A bibliography of programs and presentation devices (4th ed.). Bay City, Michigan: Hendershot, 1967. Supplements 1967,1968,1969.Google Scholar
  32. Hendershot, C. H. (1973). Programmed learning and individually paced instruction. (5th ed.). Bay City, Michigan: Hendershot.Google Scholar
  33. Herrnstein, R. J. & Hineline, P. N. (1966). Negative reinforcement as shock-frequency reduction. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 9, 421–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hilgard, E. R. & Bower, G. H. (1966). Theories of learning (3rd ed.). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  35. Holland, J. G. & Skinner, B. F. (1961). The analysis of behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  36. Holz, W. C. & Azrin, N. H. (1961). Discriminative properties of punishment. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 4, 225–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ingham, R. J. & Andrews, G. (1973). An analysis of a token economy in stuttering therapy. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 6, 219–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Keehn, J. D., Kuechler, H. A., Collier, D. & Walsh, R. (no date). Interpersonal behaviourism and community treatment of alcoholics. Mimeographed paper.Google Scholar
  39. Keller, F. S. (1968). “Good-bye Teacher ….” Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1, 79–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kesey, K. (1962). One flew over the cuckoo’s nest. New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  41. Krasner, L. (1971). Behavior therapy. In Annual Review of Psychology, 22, 483–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. MacDonald, M. L. & Butler, A. K. (1974). Reversal of helplessness: Producing walking behavior in nursing home wheelchair residents using behavior modification procedures. Journal of Gerontology, 29 (1), 97–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Malott, R.W. (1971). CONtingency MANagement in education & other really exciting places. Kalamazoo: Behaviordelia.Google Scholar
  44. Markle, S. M. (1969). Good frames and bad (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  45. Markle, S. M. & Tiemann, P. W. (1971). Really understanding concepts. Chicago: Tiemann Associates.Google Scholar
  46. McConnell, J.V. (1970). Stimulus/Response: Criminals can be brainwashed—now. Psychology Today, 3(11), 14–18, 74.Google Scholar
  47. Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self and society. Chicago: University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  48. Mead, G. H. (1956). On social psychology. Chicago: University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  49. Moliére, J.B. (1910). Le Bourgeois gentilhomme. In M. Levi (Ed.) Le Bourgeois gentilhomme. New York: Holt. (originally published in 1671)Google Scholar
  50. Morris, N., Rubin, B., Steele, E., Badger, M. & Jacobs (in preparation). The treatment of repetitively violent offenders.Google Scholar
  51. Muller, H. J. (1953). The uses of the past: Profiles of former societies. New York: Oxford University.Google Scholar
  52. Parsons, H. M. (1974). What happened at Hawthorne? Science, 183 (4128), 922–932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Perkins, W. H. (1973). Replacement of stuttering with normal speech: 1. Rationale. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 38, 283–294 (a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Perkins, W. H. (1973). Replacement of stuttering with normal speech: II. Clinical procedures. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 38, 295–303 (b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rosenhan, D.L. (1973). On being sane in insane places. Science, 179, 250–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Rousseau, Jean Jacques. (1950). The social contract and discourses. Trans., G. D. H. Cole. New York: Dutton. (first published, 1762)Google Scholar
  57. Schwartz, A. & Goldiamond, I. (in preparation). Social casework: The behavior modification approach. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Schwitzgebel, R. K. (1972). Limitations on the coercive treatment of offenders. Criminal Law Bulletin, 8, 267–320.Google Scholar
  59. Sherman, J.G. (Ed.). (1974). Personalized system of instruction. Menlo Park, California: W. A. Benjamin.Google Scholar
  60. Sidman, M. (1960). Tactics of scientific research. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  61. Sidman, R. & Sidman, M. (1967). Neuroanatomy, a programmed text. Boston: Little, Brown and Co.Google Scholar
  62. Skinner, B. F. A case study in scientific method. American Psychologist, 1956, 11, 221–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Skinner, B. F. (1968). The technology of teaching. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  64. Skinner, B. F. (1969). Contingencies of reinforcement. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  65. Skinner, B. F. (1971). Beyond freedom and dignity. New York: Alfred A Knopf.Google Scholar
  66. Stahlman, M. (1973). Ethical dilemmas in current obstetric and newborn care. In T. D. Moore, (Ed.), Report of the 65th Ross Conference on Pediatric Research. Columbus, Ohio: Ross Laboratories.Google Scholar
  67. Stanton, A. H. & Schwartz, M. S. (1954.) The mental hospital. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  68. Stent, G. S. (1972). Prematurity and uniqueness in scientific discovery. Scientific American, 227(6), 84–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Szasz, T. S. (1961). The myth of mental illness. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  70. Terrace, H. S. (1964). Wavelength generalization after discrimination learning with and without error. Science, 144, 78–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Webster, R.L. (1970). Stuttering: A way to eliminate it and a way to explain it. In R. Ulrich, T. Stachnik, and J. Mabry, Control of human behavior, Vol. II. New York: Scott, Foresman.Google Scholar
  72. Webster, R. L. (1972). When the ssstutterer meets the cccomputer. Hollins College Bulletin, 22(4), 39–43.Google Scholar
  73. Weiner, H. (1969). Controlling human fixed-interval performance. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 12, 349–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Wexler, D. B. (1973). Token and taboo: Behavior modification, token economies, and the law. California Law Review, 61, 81–109. Reprinted in Behaviorism, 1(2), 1–24 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wolpe, J. (1958). Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford: Stanford University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Behaviorists for Social Responsibility 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Israel Goldiamond
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and PsychologyUniversity of ChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations