Infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA) due to Mycobacterium abscessus is very rare with only three such cases described in literature. Only one case was managed successfully, however, with a prolonged course of anti tubercular therapy. In this case report, we present an elderly lady with infected TKA after 2 years of the primary procedure. Although initially it grew different bacteriae, M. abscessus was isolated during the second debridement. She was successfully treated with total of 5 months of second line anti tubercular drugs with revision prosthesis performed during chemotherapy. Two years followup revealed satisfactory outcome with no relapse.
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Amit, P., Rastogi, S. & Marya, S. Prosthetic knee joint infection due to Mycobacterium abscessus. IJOO 51, 337–342 (2017). https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5413.205685