Grid-based Traffic Vulnerability Analysis by Using Betweenness Centrality

Abstract

We propose a technique to measure the impact of loss of traffic function in a particular area to surrounding areas. The proposed method is applied to the city of Seoul, which is the capital of South Korea with a population of about ten million. Based on the actual road network in Seoul, we construct an abstract road network using 1 km × 1 km grid cells. The link weight of the abstract road network is re-adjusted considering traffic volume measured at several survey points. On the modified abstract road network, we evaluate the traffic vulnerability by calculating a network measure of betweenness centrality for every single grid cell. This study analyzes traffic impacts caused by road dysfunction due to heavy rainfall in urban areas.

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Acknowledgments

This work was funded by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant KMI 2018-03013. This study was supported by a National Institute for Mathematical Sciences (NIMS) grant funded by the Korea government’s Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) (B20710000).

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Correspondence to Byungsik Kim.

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Jung, S., Lee, S., Kwon, O. et al. Grid-based Traffic Vulnerability Analysis by Using Betweenness Centrality. J. Korean Phys. Soc. 77, 538–544 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3938/jkps.77.538

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Keywords

  • Vulnerability
  • Road network
  • Betweenness centrality
  • Heavy rainfall
  • Road impact