NaFePO4 with a maricite structure was one of the most promising candidates for sodium ion batteries (SIBs) due to its advantages of environmental friendly and having low cost. However, it has low electrochemical conductivity and energy density, which impose limitations on its application as commercial cathode materials. In this study, other transition-metal ions such as Mn2+ were substituted into the iron (Fe2+) site in NaFePO4 to increase the surface area and the number of nanofibers in the prepared one-dimensional (1D) nano-sized material with 0D/1D dimensions to enhance the energy density. Also, the 0D/1D NaFe0.9Mn0.1PO4 cathode material has increased electrochemical conductivity because the fiber size was reduced to the nano-scale level by using the electrospinning method in order to decrease the diffusion path of Na-ions. The morphology of the 0D/1D nanofiber was evaluated by Field-emission scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscope analyses. The NaFe0.9Mn0.1PO4 nanofibers had a diameter of approximately 180 nm, while the spherical particle had a diameter 1 μm. The 0D/1D nano-sized cathode material show a discharge capacity of 27 mAhg −1 at a 0.05 C rate within the 2.0 ~ 4.5 V voltage range and a low Rct of 110 Ω.