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Effects of mechanical rotation and vibration on spin currents

Abstract

We discuss theoretically the generation of spin currents in both rotationally and linearly accelerated systems. The spin-orbit interaction modified by inertial effects is derived from the low energy limit of the generally covariant Dirac equation. It is shown that the spin-orbit interaction is responsible for the generation of spin currents by mechanical rotation and vibration. We also study effects of impurity scattering on the mechanically induced spin current, and calculate the spin accumulation by solving the spin diffusion equation with the spin-source term originating from the inertial effects.

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Correspondence to Mamoru Matsuo.

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Matsuo, M., Ieda, J., Maekawa, S. et al. Effects of mechanical rotation and vibration on spin currents. Journal of the Korean Physical Society 62, 1404–1409 (2013). https://doi.org/10.3938/jkps.62.1404

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Keywords

  • Spin current
  • Spin Hall effect
  • Inertial effects