A Simulation Study and Its Experimental Validation for the Detection of Neutrons with a Continuous Energy Spectrum by Using a MICROMEGAS Detector
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A MICROMEGAS (MICRO Mesh GASeous) detector is developed to monitor neutrons with a continuous energy spectra generated by bombarding protons on a thick Be target at the MC-50 cyclotron of the Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS). Two different neutron spectra are produced by protons of 20 and 40 MeV, and are detected by using the MICROMEGAS detector with a boron converter. Boron carbides (B4C) are deposited on the cathode of the detector and are used as a neutron-to-charged particle converter. α particles and 7Li nuclei produced by the 10B(n,α)7Li reaction are detected by using the MICROMEGAS detector. Monte Carlo simulations for the detector system are performed to compare the experimental data with the simulation results. For measuring the energies of the α particles and the 7Li nuclei, we vary the geometry of detector in both the simulations and the experiments to fully stop the α particles and the 7Li nuclei in the detector. The changes of the positions of the α and the 7Li peaks observed in the distribution of the deposited energy for different detector geometries agree more or less with those from the simulation results. The neutron conversion efficiency of the detector is studied.
KeywordsMICROMEGAS Neutron detector Boron converter Monte Carlo simulation PHITS MC-50
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This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (2013M7A1A1075764, NRF-2015H1D3A1066285, NRF-2016R1D1A1B03935429 and NRF-2017R1A2B4012758). The authors express their sincere thanks to the staff of the MC-50 Cyclotron Laboratory (KIRAMS) for the excellent operation and their support during the experiment.
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