X-ray absorption study of the local dipole moment in SrTiO3 under uniaxial pressure
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X-ray absorption spectra under uniaxial pressure were measured at the Ti K-edge of a SrTiO3 single crystal in order to obtain direct evidence for the ferroelectric transition that is expected on the basis of second harmonic generation studies. A uniaxial pressure was applied perpendicular to the ab-plane. The pre-edge peak, which corresponds to Ti 3d e g -O 2pσ bonding, shows little change across the transition temperature of 40 K at 1 GPa. This indicates that a local electric dipole moment is not induced under uniaxial pressure, as opposed to the macroscopic ferroelectric moments that are predicted to be induced along the ab-plane.
KeywordsUniaxial pressure Phase transition Strontium titanate
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