All-optical signal-conversion efficiency with a parameter-dependent four-wave-mixing process in a silicon nanowaveguide
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We report on experimental measurements of the signal-wavelength conversion efficiency through the four-wave-mixing (FWM) process in a silicon strip nanowaveguide (SiNW) compared with theoretically-calculated results. The conversion efficiency has been investigated as a function of various parameters, such as the pump power and the pump and signal wavelengths. The measured and the calculated results indicate that a significant variation of the chromatic dispersion (CD) of our test SiNW device among the pump, signal and idler beam wavelengths and a high insertion loss in the device cause a very low FWM conversion efficiency. Our simulation tool can provide a direction for further improvement in the waveguide design by providing optimized CD values for the SiNW in desired ranges of the operation wavelengths.
KeywordsSilicon photonics Nonlinear optic waveguides Design Characterization and Modeling of Integrated-optic Devices
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