Advertisement

Journal of the Korean Physical Society

, Volume 62, Issue 9, pp 1291–1294 | Cite as

Determination of the effect of a strain relaxation layer on the internal electric field measurement in an InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well structure by using electroreflectance spectroscopy

  • Su-Ik Park
  • Dong-Hyun Jang
  • Jong-In ShimEmail author
  • Dong-Soo Shin
Article

Abstract

We investigate the effect of a strain relaxation layer (SRL) on the internal-field measurement of InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) in blue light-emitting diodes by using electroreflectance (ER) spectroscopy. The polarization charges of the SRL are relatively smaller than those of the MQWs because the SRL has a lower indium composition in the InGaN/GaN superlattice. Therefore, the phases of the ER signals from the MQWs and the SRL are reversed at different bias voltages. From two different compensation voltages, the piezoelectric fields in MQWs and the SRL are estimated separately. When the SRL is not considered, the piezoelectric field in the MQWs can be underestimated.

Keywords

Piezoelectric field Strain Light-emitting diode Electroreflectance spectroscopy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars and S. Nakamura, Nat. Photonics 3, 180 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, Science 308, 1274 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    T. Takeuchi, S. Sota, M. Katsuragawa, M. Komori, H. Takeuchi, H. Amano and I. Akasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 36, L382 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    S. F. Chichibu, A. C. Abare, M. S. Minsky, S. Keller, S. B. Fleischer, J. E. Bowers, E. Hu, U. K. Mishra, L. A. Coldren and S. P. DenBaars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2006 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    H. Y. Ryu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 09MK03 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Y. R. Wu, C. Chiu, C. Y. Chang, P. Yu and H. C. Kuo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1226 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    S. Keller et al., J. Appl. Phys. 100, 054314 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    H. Shen, M. Wraback, H. Zhong, A. Tyagi, S. P. Den-Baars, S. Nakamura and J. S. Speck, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241906 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    M. H. Kim, M. F. Schubert, Q. Dai, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, J. Piprek and Y. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 183507 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    C. F. Lu, C. F. Huang, Y. S. Chen and C. C. Yang, J. Appl. Phys. 104, 043108 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    L. Liu, L. Wang, Ding Li, N. Liu, L. Li, W. Cao, W. Yang, C. Wan, W. Chen, W. Du, X. Hu and Z. C. Feng, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 073106 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    T. Takeuchi, C. Wetzel, S. Yamaguchi, H. Sakai, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, Y. Kaneke, S. Nakagawa, Y. Yamaoka and N. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1691 (1998).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    T. M. Hsu, C. Y. Lai, W.-H. Chang, C. C. Pan, C. C. Chuo and J. I. Chyi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1114 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    I. H. Brown, I. A. Pope, P. M. Smowton, P. Blood, J. D. Thomson, W. W. Chow, D. P. Bour and M. Kneissl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131108 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    G. Franssen, P. Perlin and T. Suski, Phys. Rev. B 69, 045310 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    C. A. Hurni, H. Kroemer, U. K. Mishra and J. S. Speck, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 083704 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    K. Kumakura, T. Makimoto and N. Kobayashi, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3370 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Physical Society 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-Ik Park
    • 1
  • Dong-Hyun Jang
    • 1
  • Jong-In Shim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dong-Soo Shin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics & Communication EngineeringHanyang UniversityAnsanKorea
  2. 2.Department of Applied PhysicsHanyang UniversityAnsanKorea

Personalised recommendations