Influences of speech familiarity on immediate perception and final comprehension

  • Lynn K. Perry
  • Emily N. Mech
  • Maryellen C. MacDonald
  • Mark S. Seidenberg
Brief Report

Abstract

Unfamiliar speech—spoken in a familiar language but with an accent different from the listener’s—is known to increase comprehension difficulty. However, there is evidence of listeners’ rapid adaptation to unfamiliar accents (although perhaps not to the level of familiar accents). This paradox might emerge from prior focus on isolated word perception and/or use of single comprehension measures. We investigated processing of fluent connected speech spoken either in a familiar or unfamiliar accent, using participants’ ability to “shadow” the speech as an immediate measure as well as a comprehension test at passage end. Shadowing latencies and errors and comprehension errors increased for Unfamiliar relative to Familiar Speech conditions, especially for relatively informal rather than more academic content. Additionally, there was evidence of less adaptation to Unfamiliar than Familiar Speech. These results suggest that unfamiliar speech imposes costs, especially in the immediate timescale of perceiving speech.

Keywords

Speech perception Accented speech Speech shadowing Listening comprehension 

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynn K. Perry
    • 1
  • Emily N. Mech
    • 2
  • Maryellen C. MacDonald
    • 3
  • Mark S. Seidenberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA
  2. 2.University of California, RiversideRiversideUSA
  3. 3.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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