Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 350–369 | Cite as

The human newborn’s umwelt: Unexplored pathways and perspectives

  • Vanessa André
  • Séverine Henry
  • Alban Lemasson
  • Martine Hausberger
  • Virginie Durier
Theoretical Review

Abstract

Historically, newborns, and especially premature newborns, were thought to “feel nothing.” However, over the past decades, a growing body of evidence has shown that newborns are aware of their environment, but the extent and the onset of some sensory capacities remain largely unknown. The goal of this review is to update our current knowledge concerning newborns’ perceptual world and how ready they are to cope with an entirely different sensory environment following birth. We aim to establish not only how and when each sensory ability arises during the pre-/postbirth period but also discuss how senses are studied. We conclude that although many studies converge to show that newborns are clearly sentient beings, much is still unknown. Further, we identify a series of internal and external factors that could explain discrepancies between studies, and we propose perspectives for future studies. Finally, through examples from animal studies, we illustrate the importance of this detailed knowledge to pursue the enhancement of newborns’ daily living conditions. Indeed, this is a prerequisite for assessing the effects of the physical environment and routine procedures on newborns’ welfare.

Keywords

Fetus Newborn Reaction Sensory perception 

Notes

Author note

The idea of this review emerged from scientific discussions among members of an interdisciplinary research project (Groupement d’Intérêt Scientifique “Cerveau-Comportement-Société”/Scientific Interest Group “Brain-Behavior-Society”). This study received financial support from the French Ministry of Research and the CNRS. We thank Jacques Sizun and Alain Beuchée for their medical contribution and Marianne Barbu-Roth for her bibliography input. We are very grateful to Ann Cloarec and Jodi Pawluski for checking and correcting the English.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanessa André
    • 1
  • Séverine Henry
    • 1
  • Alban Lemasson
    • 1
  • Martine Hausberger
    • 2
  • Virginie Durier
    • 2
  1. 1.Université de Rennes 1, Ethologie Animale et Humaine, EthoS, UMR 6552, CNRS, Université Caen NormandieRennesFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, Ethologie Animale et Humaine, EthoS, UMR 6552, Université de Rennes 1, Université de Caen NormandieRennesFrance

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