Face-specific capacity limits under perceptual load do not depend on holistic processing
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Previous observations that face recognition may proceed automatically, without drawing on attentional resources, have been challenged by recent demonstrations that only a few faces can be processed at one time. However, a question remains about the nature of the stimulus properties that underlie face-specific capacity limits. Two experiments showed that speeded categorization of a famous face (such as a politician or pop star) is facilitated when it is congruent with a peripheral distractor face. This congruency effect is eliminated if the visual search is loaded with more than one face, unlike previous demonstrations of speeded classification using semantic information. Importantly, congruency effects are also eliminated when the search task is loaded with nontarget faces that are shown in an inverted orientation. These results indicate that face-specific capacity limits are not determined by the configural (“holistic”) properties of face recognition.
KeywordsAttention Face perception Face recognition Visual search Capacity limitations Modularity
I thank two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments, and Dr. Rob Jenkins for help with the original stimuli.
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