Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 66–72 | Cite as

Anchoring effects in the development of false childhood memories

  • Kimberley A. Wade
  • Maryanne Garry
  • Robert A. Nash
  • David N. Harper
Brief Reports


When people receive descriptions or doctored photos of events that never happened, they often come to remember those events. But if people receive both a description and a doctored photo, does the order in which they receive the information matter? We asked people to consider a description and a doctored photograph of a childhood hot air balloon ride, and we varied which medium they saw first. People who saw a description first reported more false images and memories than did people who saw a photo first, a result that fits with an anchoring account of false childhood memories.


False Memory Source Monitoring Childhood Event Mock Juror False Report 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberley A. Wade
    • 2
  • Maryanne Garry
    • 1
  • Robert A. Nash
    • 2
  • David N. Harper
    • 1
  1. 1.Victoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of WarwickCoventryEngland

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