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Increasing negative emotions by reappraisal enhances subsequent cognitive control: A combined behavioral and electrophysiological study

  • Jason S. MoserEmail author
  • Steven B. Most
  • Robert F. Simons
Article

Abstract

To what degree do cognitively based strategies of emotion regulation impact subsequent cognitive control? Here, we investigated this question by interleaving a cognitive task with emotion regulation trials, where regulation occurred through cognitive reappraisal. In addition to obtaining self-reports of emotion regulation, we used the late positive potential (LPP) of the event-related brain potential as an objective index of emotion regulation. On each trial, participants maintained, decreased, or increased their emotional response to an unpleasant picture and then responded to a Stroop stimulus. Results revealed that (1) the magnitude of the LPP was decreased with reappraisal instructions to decrease negative emotion and were enhanced with reappraisal instructions to increase negative emotion; (2) after cognitive reappraisal was used to increase the intensity of negative emotion, RT interference in the subsequent Stroop trial was significantly reduced; and (3) increasing negative emotions by reappraisal also modulated the cognitive control-related sustained potential. These results suggest that increasing negative emotions by cognitive reappraisal heightens cognitive control, which may be sustained for a short time after the regulation event.

Keywords

Emotion Regulation Cognitive Control Stroop Task Late Positive Potential Cognitive Reappraisal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason S. Moser
    • 1
    Email author
  • Steven B. Most
    • 1
  • Robert F. Simons
    • 1
  1. 1.University of DelawareNewark

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