Skip to main content

Withstanding the test of time: The 1978 semantic word norms

Abstract

This article accompanies the archiving by the Pychonomic Society of the Toglia and Battig (1978) semantic word norms. Herein are outlined the various phases of the project, as well as the challenges that were faced in staying the course during the labor-intensive development of the norms. An examination of the number of citations of this set of norms over the years demonstrates a stable employment of these norms by investigators in many fields. Indeed, a concluding section details the wide range of research topics that have been studied with the use of this extensive set of word ratings. The complete Toglia and Battig article and norms may be downloaded as supplemental materials for this article from brm.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental.

References

  1. Battig, W. F. (1968). Paired-associate learning. In T. R. Dixon & D. L. Horton (Eds.), Verbal behavior and general behavior theory (pp. 146–171). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Clark, J. M., & Paivio, A. (2004). Extensions of the Paivio, Yuille, and Madigan (1968) norms. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 371–383.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Meho, L. I., & Yang, K. (2007). Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS faculty: Web of Science versus Scopus and Google Scholar. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58, 2105–2125.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Paivio, A., Yuille, J. C., & Madigan, S. A. (1968). Concreteness, imagery, and meaningfulness values for 925 nouns. Journal of Experimental Psychology Monographs, 76, No. 1, Pt. 2.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Toglia, M. P., & Battig, W. F. (1978). Handbook of semantic word norms. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Tulving, E., & Madigan, S. A. (1970). Memory and verbal learning. Annual Review of Psychology, 21, 437–484.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Michael P. Toglia.

Electronic supplementary material

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Toglia, M.P. Withstanding the test of time: The 1978 semantic word norms. Behavior Research Methods 41, 531–533 (2009). https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.2.531

Download citation

Keywords

  • Science Citation Index
  • Social Science Citation Index
  • Word Norm
  • Stable Employment
  • Prose