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Psychonomic Science

, Volume 3, Issue 1–12, pp 15–16 | Cite as

A factor in the maintenance of behavior by reinforcement

  • G. S. Reynolds
Animal Behavior
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

Pecking was maintained on each of two keys by a different, food-associated, conditioned reinforcer, orange illumination of the chamber for the left key and blue for the right key. Then, with pecking prevented, the pigeons were introduced directly into alternating orange and blue illumination and were shocked electrically only during orange. After this procedure, with pecking allowed but without further presentations of either conditioned reinforcer, the rate of pecking on the left of the two keys was selectively decreased.

Keywords

Electric Shock Conditioned Reinforcer Operant Conditioning Chamber Orange Light Chained Schedule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Azrin, N. H. A technique for delivering shock to pigeons, J. exp. Anal. Behav., 1959, 2, 161–163.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Miller, N. E. A reply to sign-Gestalt or conditioned reflex? Psychol. Rev., 1935, 42, 280–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Tolman, E. C, & Gleitman, H. Studies in learning and motivation. I. Equal reinforcement in both end-boxes, followed by shock in one end-box. J. exp. Psychol., 1949, 39, 810–819.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Press 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. S. Reynolds
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ChicagoUSA

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