Physiological Psychology

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 351–359 | Cite as

Handedness and laterality in humans and other animals

  • J. M. Warren
Article
  • 1.2k Downloads

Abstract

A survey of the developmental, genetic, paleoneurological, comparative behavior, and neuropsychological evidence indicates that the neural organization responsible for handedness and laterality in humans is a heritable, species-specific trait. Handedness and laterality in monkeys, the most intensively studied nonhuman taxon, are not homologous to handedness and laterality in humans. Monkeys learn hand preferences through experience and display no difference in learning by the hemispheres ipsi- and contralateral to the preferred hand. Differences in the functions of the two hemispheres are found in several other nonhuman species, but none has been correlated with paw preferences.

Reference Note

  1. 1.
    Dewson, J. H. Personal communication, 1976.Google Scholar

References

  1. Annett, M. The distribution of manual asymmetry. British Journal of Psychology; 1972, 63, 343–358.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beck, C. H. M., & Barton, R. L. Deviation and laterality of hand preference in monkeys. Cortex, 1972, 7, 339–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blau, A. The master hand. New York: American Orthopsychiatric Association, 1946.Google Scholar
  4. Briggs, G., & Nebes, R. Patterns of hand preference in a student population. Cortex, 1975, 11, 230–238.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brookshire, K. H., & Warren, J. M. The generality and consistency of handedness in monkeys. Animal Behaviour, 1962, 10, 222–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Butler, C. R. A memory-record for visual discrimination habits produced in both cerebral hemispheres of monkey when only one hemisphere has received direct visual information. Brain Research, 1968, 10, 152–167.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Collins, R. L. On the inheritance of handedness: I. Laterality in inbred mice. Journal of Heredity, 1968, 59, 9–12.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Collins, R. L. On the inheritance of handedness: II. Selection for sinistrality in mice. Journal of Heredity, 1969, 60, 117–119.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Collins, R. L., & Ward, R. Evidence for an asymmetry of cerebral function in mice tested for audiogenic seizures. Nature, 1970, 226, 1062–1063.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Coren, S., & Porac, C. Fifty centuries of right-handedness: The historical record. Science, 1977, 198, 631–632.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cronholm, J. N., Grodsky, M., & Behar, I. Situational factors in the lateral preferences of rhesus monkeys. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1963, 103, 167–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dart, R. A. The predatory implement technique of Australopithecus. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1949, 7, 1–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dawson, J. L. M. B. An anthropological perspective on the evolution and lateralization of the brain. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1977, 299, 424–447.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dennenberg, V. H., Garbanati, J., Sherman, G., Yutzey, D., & Kaplan, R. Infantile stimulation induces brain lateralization in rats. Science, 1978, 201, 1150–1152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Deuel, R. K. 30 monkeys without cerebral dominance. Neurology, 1975, 25, 389.Google Scholar
  16. Dewsbury, D. A. Patterns of copulatory behavior in male mammals. Quarterly Review of Biology, 1972, 47, 1–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Dewsbury, D. A. Diversity and adaptation in rodent copulatory behavior. Science, 1975, 190, 947–954.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dewson, J. H. Some behavioral effects of removal of superior temporalcortex in the monkey. In D. J. Chivers & J. Herbert (Eds.), Recent advances in primatology (Vol. 1). London: Academic Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  19. Dimond, S. J. Evolution and lateralization of the brain. Annals of theNew York Academy of Sciences, 1977, 299, 477–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Downer, J. L. Interhemispheric integration in the visual system. In V. B. Mountcastle (Ed.), Interhemispheric relations and cerebral dominance. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  21. Ebner, F. F., & Myers, R. E. Corpus callosum and the interhemispheric transmission of tactual learning. Journal of Neurophysiology, 1962, 25, 380–391.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Ettlinger, G., Blakemore, C., & Milner, A. Opposite hand preferences in two sense-modalities. Nature, 1968, 218, 1276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ettlinger, G., & Dawson, R. F. Hand preferences in the monkey: The effect of unilateral cortical removals. Neuropsychologia, 1969, 7, 161–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Falek, A. Handedness, a family study. American Journal of Human Genetics, 1959, 11, 52–62.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Finch, G. Chimpanzee handedness. Science, 1941, 94, 117–118.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fuster, J. M., & Bauer, R. H. Visual short-term memory deficit from hypothermia of frontal cortex. Brain Research, 1974, 81, 393–400.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hamilton, C. R. An assessment of hemispheric specialization in monkeys. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1977, 299, 222–232. (a)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hamilton, C. R. Investigations of perceptual and mnemonic lateralization in monkeys. In S. Harnad, R. W. Doty, L. Goldstein, J. Jaynes, & G. Krautheimer (Eds.), Lateralization in the nervous system. New York: Academic Press, 1977. (b)Google Scholar
  29. Hamilton, C. R., & Gazzanaga, M. Lateralization of learning of colour and brightness discriminations following brain bisection. Nature, 1964, 201, 220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hécaen, H., & Albert, M. L. Human neuropsychology. New York: Wiley, 1978.Google Scholar
  31. Hécaen, H., & de Ajuriaguerra, J. Left-handedness. New York: Greene & Stratton, 1964.Google Scholar
  32. Hewes, G. W. Current status of the gestural theory of language origin. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 482–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hicks, R. E., & Kinsbourne, M. On the genesis of human handedness: A review. Journal of Motor Behavior, 1976, 8, 257–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hicks, R. E., & Kinsbourne, M. Human handedness. In M. Kinsbourne (Ed.), Asymmetrical function of the brain. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  35. Holloway, R. L. Paleoneurological evidence for language origins. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 330–348.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lehman, R. A. W. Hand preference and cerebral predominance in 24 rhesus monkeys. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 1970, 10, 185–192.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lehman, R. A. W. The handedness of rhesus monkeys—I. Distribution. Neuropsychologia, 1978, 16, 33–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lehman, R. A. W., & Spencer, D. D. Hand preference and hemispheric learning in the monkey. Experimental Neurology, 1972, 36, 88–100.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. LeMay, M. Morphological cerebral asymmetries of modern man, fossil man, and nonhuman primate. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 349–366.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Levy, J. A review of evidence for a genetic component in the determination of handedness. Behavior Genetics, 1976, 6, 429–453.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Levy, J. The mammalian brain and the adaptive advantage of cerebral asymmetry. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1977, 299, 264–272.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Marshack, A. Some implications of the paleolithic symbolic evidence for the origin of language. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 289–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Martin, D., & Webster, W. G. Paw preference shifts following forced practice. Physiology & Behavior, 1974, 13, 745–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McGonigle, B., & Floor, J. The learning of hand preferences by squirrel monkeys. Psychological Research, 1978, 40, 93–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Montagu, A. Tool making, hunting and the origin of language. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 266–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Nottebohm, F. Asymmetries in neural control of vocalization in the canary. In S. Harnad, R. W. Doty, L. Goldstein, J. Jaynes, & G. Krautheimer (Eds.), Lateralization in the nervous system. New York: Academic Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  47. Perelló, J. Digressions on the biological foundations of language. Journal of Communication Disorders, 1970, 3, 140–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Petersen, M. R., Beecher, M. D., Zoloth, S. R., Moody, D. B., & Stebbins, W. C. Neural lateralization of species-specific vocalizations by Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Science, 1978, 202, 324–327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Pribram, K. H. Hemispheric specialization: Evolution or revolution. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1977, 299, 18–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Reynolds, P. C. Handedness and the evolution of the primate forelimb. Neuropsychologia, 1975, 13, 499–500.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Robinson, R. G. Differential behavioral and biochemical effects of right and left hemispheric cerebral infarction in the rat. Science, 1979, 205, 707–710.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rothe, H. Handedness in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1973, 38, 561–565.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sackheim, H. A., Gur, R., & Saucy, M. C. Emotions are expressed more intensely on the left side of the face. Science, 1978, 202, 434–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sherman, G. F., Garbanati, J. A., Rosen, G. D., Yutzey, D. A., & Dennenberg, V. H. Brain and behavioral asymmetries for spatial preference in rats. Brain Research, 1980, 192, 61–67.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Stamm, J. S., Gadotti, A., & Rosen, S. C. Interhemispheric functional differences in prefrontal cortex of monkeys. Journal of Neurobiology, 1975, 6, 39–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Steklis, H. D., & Harnad, S. R. From hand to mouth: Some critical stages in the evolution of language. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 445–455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tsal, L., & Maurer, S. Right handedness in white rats. Science, 1930, 72, 436–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Uhrbrock, R. S. Laterality in art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 1973, 32, 27–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Valenstein, E. S. Brain control. New York: Wiley, 1973.Google Scholar
  60. Wada, J. A., Clark, R., & Hamm, A. Cerebral hemispheric asymmetry in humans: Cortical speech zones in 100 adult and 100 infant brains. Archives of Neurology, 1975, 32, 239–246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Warren, J. M. Handedness in the rhesus monkey. Science, 1953, 118, 622–623.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Warren, J. M. The development of paw preferences in cats and monkeys. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1958, 93, 229–236.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Warren, J. M. Handedness and cerebral dominance in monkeys. In S. Harnad, R. W. Doty, L. Goldstein, J. Jaynes, & G. Krautheimer (Eds.), Lateralization in the nervous system. New York: Academic Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  64. Warren, J. M., Abplanalp, J. M., & Warren, H. B. The development of handedness in cats and rhesus monkeys. In H. W. Stevenson, E. H. Hess, & H. Rheingold (Eds.), Early behavior: Comparative developmental approaches. New York: Wiley, 1967.Google Scholar
  65. Warren, J. M., Cornwell, P. R., & Warren, H. B. Unilateral frontal lesions and learning by rhesus monkeys. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1969, 69, 498–505.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Warren, J. M., Grant, R., Hara, K., & Leary, R. W. Impaired learning by monkeys with unilateral lesions in association cortex. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1963, 56, 241–253.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Warren, J. M., & Kolb, B. Generalizations in neuropsychology. In S. Finger (Ed.), Recovery from brain damage. New York: Plenum, 1978.Google Scholar
  68. Warren, J. M., & Nonneman, A. J. The search for cerebral dominance in monkeys. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1976, 280, 732–744.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wile, I. S. Handedness: Right and left. Boston: Lathrop, Lee & Shepard, 1934.Google Scholar
  70. Witelson, S. F. Sex and the single hemisphere: Specialization of the right hemisphere for spatial processing. Science, 1976, 193, 425–426.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Zimmerberg, B., Glick, S. D., & Jerussi, T. P. Neurochemical correlate of a spatial preference in rats. Science, 1974, 185, 623–625.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Warren
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park

Personalised recommendations