Psychonomic Science

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 265–266 | Cite as

The effects of shocking one member of a pair of rats

  • John F. Knutson
Animal Behavior Emotion


When one member of a pair of rats was insulated from electric footshock, a frequency of aggression was obtained which was far lower than that which has typically been reported in the shock-elicited aggression literature. In addition, the shocked rats developed a relatively high frequency of stereotyped responses which served as partially successful avoidance responses. These data were considered to support earlier data indicating that avoidance or escape responses to shock will take priority over attack responses to shock.


Grid Floor Attack Response Target Animal Electric Footshock Stereotyped Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Journals, Inc. 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • John F. Knutson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IowaIowa CityUSA

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